3. Film with subtitles and pauses. Listen and repeat after the speaker.
4. Film with subtitles and narration.
After watching the film "Planning the nutrition of cattle" address the sentences in the exercise, deciding whether they are true or false. Po obejrzeniu filmu „Planowanie żywienia bydła” ustosunkuj się do zdań umieszczonych w ćwiczeniu, podejmując decyzję, czy to prawda czy fałsz.
The zootechnician needs high protein feed.
Feed is intended for laying hens.
They have their own grains and pulses on the farm.
The zootechnician is interested in purchasing complete feedingstuffs.
They need additives such as premixes, mineral blends and vitamins on the farm.
Wheat and maize are mixed with the sharps in the henhouse.
Maize silage is prepared in transportable silos.
The juicy forage used on the farm is carrot roots and green feed.
The representative suggested chaff additives to the zootechnician.
A program called MNIAM is used on the farm for preparing food doses.
Health and safety in animal production
The ABC of animal production organization
The text consist of a fragment of a dictionary / index of terms in the field of animal production organization.
Animal cullingm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498575093456_0Animal culling - removing the animals that do not meet the breeders criteria from the herd.
Good manufacturing practicem6950b3c8d51666cb_1498575108607_0Good manufacturing practice - the set of actions that must be taken and the conditions that must be met in order for food and materials used in food production ensure a healthy, quality food product.
Livestock unitm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498575136947_0Livestock unit (LU) - a reference unit for animals weighing 500 kg; animal conversion is done using coefficients.
Extensive rearingm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498575161034_0Extensive rearing - product manufacturing by increasing the number of animals rather than by using measures to increase the productivity of the animals.
Stock turnoverm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498575222072_0Stock turnover - quantitative and qualitative changes within the herd of animals in a given period.Stocking density is the amount of LU per 100 ha of agricultural land.
Selection herdm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498575266272_0Selection herd - a group of the best animals selected from the herd for the purpose of becoming parents of the next generation.
Livestock structurem6950b3c8d51666cb_1498575307127_0Livestock structure - percentage share of individual herds in the total number of animals expressed in livestock units (LU).
Herd structurem6950b3c8d51666cb_1498575322706_0Herd structure- percentage share of the average number of animals of a specific type in the whole herd.
Manure unitm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498575370924_0Manure unit - an animal (unit) that supplies 10 tons of manure per year. This type of conversion calculates the manure production on the farm.
Feed unitm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498575395185_0Feed unit - a livestock unit consuming an average of 3.5 thousand grain units per year.
Use valuem6950b3c8d51666cb_1498575422771_0Use value- the animal's ability to produce. Use value is measured by the amount of product obtained over a certain period of time, e.g. the quantity of milk during the lactation period, annual wool yield, etc.
dobra praktyka produkcyjna
duża jednostka przeliczeniowa
struktura inwentarza żywego
Animal production versus environment
A dialogue between a farmer (F) and an employee (E) of the Inspectorate for Environmental Protection during farm inspection. The inspector asks questions about the manner and place of collection of animal excrements, the amount of natural fertilizers used in fields that may adversely affect the environment. The farmer gives answers.
F: Please, come in. What does this inspection concern?
E: I would like to see if the animal production department has any negative impact on the environment.
F: Come in!
E: How many animals are there in your swine herd at the moment?
F: This is calculated as 100livestock unitsm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498575136947_0livestock units.
E: What groups of animals make up the herd?
F: I run a closed production cyclem6950b3c8d51666cb_1498576024192_0closed production cycle, so I have different groups.
E: Where do you store the feed?
F: I store the grain in a funnel silom6950b3c8d51666cb_1498576066905_0funnel silo, and the feed I purchase is used on a regular basis.
E: Do you run a rational animal wastem6950b3c8d51666cb_1498576095713_0animal waste management?
F: Yes, I own my own land, where I spill slurry and spread manure.
E: Where do you store manure?
F: I put it on a manure padm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498576124808_0manure pad. The water solution of manurem6950b3c8d51666cb_1498576174818_0water solution of manure is discharged into a closed tank.
E: What doses of slurry are you using?
F: Maximum 50 m3 per hectare. Due to this , I do not exceed 170 kg of nitrogen per hectare.
E: This is in line with good farming practice.
F: In order to set supplemental doses of mineral fertilizers I use the fertilizer optimizer modulem6950b3c8d51666cb_1498576202253_0fertilizer optimizer module of the BigPig program.
E: The agricultural use of slurry is not easy.
F: Yes. Applying too high a dose can damage the plants.
E: This is not the only effect of overfertilisation with slurry.
F: Is there any other?
E: Yes. Slurry contains a lot of nitrogen and phosphorus causing eutrophication of water reservoirsm6950b3c8d51666cb_1530098677152_0eutrophication of water reservoirs. Nitrogen can enter the groundwater and contaminate well waterm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498576284771_0well water.
F: My farm has no such effect!
E: What about air pollution?
F: Some emissionsm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498576298275_0emissions can not be avoided. However, the efficient ventilation systemm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498576334358_0ventilation system of livestock buildingsm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498576347473_0livestock buildings and lack of deep beddingm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498576383645_0deep bedding limit their formation.
E: I will include in the report the solutions you are using on the farm.
Read the hypertext no 2 “Animal production versus environment” and match the answer with the questions. Zapoznaj się z hipertekstem nr 2 „Produkcja zwierzęca a środowisko” i dopasuj odpowiedź to pytania.
What production department was inspected?, What elements does slurry contain?, What production cycle does the farmer run?, Where does the farmer store the grain?, Who came to the farmer for inspection?, Where does the farmer store manure?, How much slurry does a farmer use per hectare?, Where is the farmer using the BigPig module?, What phenomenon do these elements cause?, How many animals are there in the swine herd?
An employee of the Inspectorate for Environmental Protection came for inspection to the farmer.
The inspection concerned the animal production department.
The swine herd consists of 100 livestock units.
The farmer runs a closed production cycle.
The farmer stores grain in a funnel silo.
The farmer stores manure on a manure pad.
The farmer uses 50m3 of slurry per hectare
The farmer uses the BigPig module to determinate the supplemental doses of mineral fertilisers.
Slurry contains nitrogen and phosphorus.
These elements cause eutrophication of water bodies.
Inspekcja Ochrony Środowiska
moduł optymalizacji nawozowej
The text is part of an article in the trade journal. It discusses ways to mate cows, providing their advantages and disadvantages. It emphasizes that insemination allows for the best use of breeding value of bulls.
There are two basic methods of reproducing cattle: natural matingm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498576783161_0natural mating and artificial inseminationm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498576812127_0artificial insemination.
Natural mating refers to mating a cow and a bull, which gives semenm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498576858334_0semen directly to the female reproductive systemm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498576873814_0reproductive system. Depending on how the mating is organized, there is selective breedingm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498576921721_0selective breeding, harem breedingm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498576934140_0harem breeding and free matingm6950b3c8d51666cb_1527596260965_0free mating.
Selective breeding - under the supervision of a man, the bull is individually admitted to the cow exhibiting symptoms of estrous cyclem6950b3c8d51666cb_1498576957227_0estrous cycle.
Harem breeding - the bull is constantly with a group of about 30 cows and heifersm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498576972103_0heifers, covering females in the estrous cycle;
Free matingm6950b3c8d51666cb_1527596260965_0Free mating - a group of bulls reside with large herds of cows.
Artificialinseminationm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498576992164_0insemination (insemination) involves the introduction of a bull semen, taken from the artificial vaginam6950b3c8d51666cb_1498577019566_0artificial vagina, into the female reproductive system by means of a pipette. Semen taken from the bulls is, after thorough examination, diluted and delivered in this form for the insemination of cows. As a result of the dilution, one ejaculate can inseminate a dozen cows.
Advantages of insemination:
- the ability to use the beststudsm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498577056267_0studs (one father produces a few or tens of thousands of offspring a year, not dozens - as in natural mating), which influences the acceleration of breeding progressm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498577086179_0breeding progress,
- enabling, through semen conservation in liquid nitrogen, bull testing and using only animals positively labeled,
- reducing the number of studs, which allows for feed and stalls saving,
- the possibility of individual selection of pairs,
- unlimited preservation time for semen, giving you the ability to create gene banksm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498577098241_0gene banks, i.e. preserving the gene poolm6950b3c8d51666cb_1498577123398_0gene pool needed for all types of breeding.
Breeding value information for bulls is available in an electronic version. It is used when pairing couples. A special computer programs are used for this.
krycie z ręki
Organisation of poultry production
Look at the picture. List the elements you can see and remember their names.
Take a look at the division of feed used in ruminant feeding. Remember and repeat their names.
Take a look at the illustration and list the factors affecting the number of eggs obtained from laying hens
Based on a picture no 2 match the following feeds to the categories. Na podstawie rysunku nr 2 przyporządkuj wymienione pasze do poszczególnych kategorii.