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E-resource FORESTRY

Źródło: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.

Procedures of securing fire protection means in cases of fire dangers of the third level

1. Film in the standard version.

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A fire protection specialist meets with the owner of a forest service company and informs him that fire danger of the third level has been announced. She instructs the forest service company to be on standby. The owner of the forest service company informs the specialist that he has a tractor with a plow, a water-cart and workers on standby. The specialist warns him that they must be ready to reach the endangered area immediately in case of a fire. Specjalistka ds. ochrony ppoż. spotyka się z właścicielem ZUL i informuje o wprowadzeniu 3 stopnia zagrożenia pożarowego. Określa wymagania dla ZUL odnośnie utrzymania w gotowości. Właściciel ZUL informuje specjalistkę, że ma przygotowany ciągnik z pługiem, beczkowóz i pracowników. Specjalistka przestrzega, że muszą być w gotowości do natychmiastowego wyruszenia na powierzchnię w razie pożaru.

2. Film with subtitles.

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A fire protection specialist meets with the owner of a forest service company and informs him that fire danger of the third level has been announced. She instructs the forest service company to be on standby. The owner of the forest service company informs the specialist that he has a tractor with a plow, a water-cart and workers on standby. The specialist warns him that they must be ready to reach the endangered area immediately in case of a fire. Specjalistka ds. ochrony ppoż. spotyka się z właścicielem ZUL i informuje o wprowadzeniu 3 stopnia zagrożenia pożarowego. Określa wymagania dla ZUL odnośnie utrzymania w gotowości. Właściciel ZUL informuje specjalistkę, że ma przygotowany ciągnik z pługiem, beczkowóz i pracowników. Specjalistka przestrzega, że muszą być w gotowości do natychmiastowego wyruszenia na powierzchnię w razie pożaru.
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3. Film with subtitles and pauses. Listen and repeat after the speaker.

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A fire protection specialist meets with the owner of a forest service company and informs him that fire danger of the third level has been announced. She instructs the forest service company to be on standby. The owner of the forest service company informs the specialist that he has a tractor with a plow, a water-cart and workers on standby. The specialist warns him that they must be ready to reach the endangered area immediately in case of a fire. Specjalistka ds. ochrony ppoż. spotyka się z właścicielem ZUL i informuje o wprowadzeniu 3 stopnia zagrożenia pożarowego. Określa wymagania dla ZUL odnośnie utrzymania w gotowości. Właściciel ZUL informuje specjalistkę, że ma przygotowany ciągnik z pługiem, beczkowóz i pracowników. Specjalistka przestrzega, że muszą być w gotowości do natychmiastowego wyruszenia na powierzchnię w razie pożaru.
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4. Film with subtitles and narration.

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A fire protection specialist meets with the owner of a forest service company and informs him that fire danger of the third level has been announced. She instructs the forest service company to be on standby. The owner of the forest service company informs the specialist that he has a tractor with a plow, a water-cart and workers on standby. The specialist warns him that they must be ready to reach the endangered area immediately in case of a fire. Specjalistka ds. ochrony ppoż. spotyka się z właścicielem ZUL i informuje o wprowadzeniu 3 stopnia zagrożenia pożarowego. Określa wymagania dla ZUL odnośnie utrzymania w gotowości. Właściciel ZUL informuje specjalistkę, że ma przygotowany ciągnik z pługiem, beczkowóz i pracowników. Specjalistka przestrzega, że muszą być w gotowości do natychmiastowego wyruszenia na powierzchnię w razie pożaru.
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classicmobile
Exercise 1
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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classicmobile
Exercise 2
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Hand‑operated fire‑fighting equipment

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The animation presents hand-operated fire-fighting equipment. The speaker informs what given elements of the equipment are used for. Animacja przedstawia podręczny sprzęt gaśniczy. Lektor informuje do czego służą poszczególne elementy wyposażenia.
classicmobile
Exercise 3
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Securing burned areas

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The animation presents the procedures of ploughing a furrow in the soil to secure a burned area. Animacja prezentuje zabieg wyorania bruzdy w glebie dla zabezpieczenia pożarzyska.
classicmobile
Exercise 4
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Types of forest fires and their consequences

The hypertext material is a fragment of learning materials for employees of a forest inspectorate.

Hipertekst stanowi fragment materiału szkoleniowego dla pracowników nadleśnictwa.

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From the perspective of forest management, the most dangerous threats to the forest are fires. They are divided into the following categories.

Ground firesm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497279637332_0Ground fires, also referred to as underground fires.

They rarely occur in Poland. They break out mostly during long droughtsm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497279718401_0droughts. The fire consumes layers of turfm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497279733582_0turf, muckm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497279738479_0muck and sometimes seams of brown coal. The most common cause of such fires is lighting fires on moorsm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497279743621_0moors. Usually, such fires are noticed only after some time, and it’s incredibly difficult to get them under control. It can take even a few months. Only a dynamic extinguishing action yields a positive outcome. It involves burrowing the layers of turf or muck up to the bedrock.

Surface firesm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497279748379_0Surface fires, also referred to as crawling fires.

This category of fires is the most common in Poland. The materials feeding the fire are: theground coverm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497279753543_0ground cover, litterm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497279762480_0litter, humusm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1531994880464_0humus, as well as down woody debris, brushwoodm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497279767416_0brushwood, the understorym731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1531994972424_0understory and saplingsm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497279772536_0saplings.

Crown firesm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497279777622_0Crown fires, also referred to as canopy fires.

Such fires spread among treetops and occur mostly in pine tree stands. They often result from surface fires, through treetops of smaller trees and hanging branches. Depending on the force of the wind and air currents, the speed with which crown fires spread ranges from a few to a few dozen kilometers per hour. Under particularly favorable weather conditions, crown fires can take on the size of a cataclysm.

● Fires of single trees.

They usually occur as a result of lighting fires in old, rotten tree hollowsm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497279782995_0hollows, or as a result of lightning strikes. Fires of this type aren’t significant for forest management, but they do have to be carefully extinguishedm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497279787842_0extinguished ** as they can become the source of fires for neighboring parts of the tree stand.

classicmobile
Exercise 5
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Fire danger levels

The hypertext material is an interview with a forester. It’s concerned with forest fire danger levels. Questioned by a journalist, the forester lists all fire danger levels and describes the appropriate actions for a given level. The methods of foresters’ work and guidelines for the community are also discussed.

Materiał hipertekstowy jest wywiadem przeprowadzonym z leśniczym na temat stopni zagrożenia pożarowego lasów. Na zapytanie dziennikarki leśniczy wymienia te stopnie i określa sposób działania odpowiedni dla każdego z nich. Przedstawia sposób działania leśników oraz wskazówki zachowania dla społeczeństwa.

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Journalist: What is a fire dangerm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497292341857_0fire danger?

Forester: It’s the existence of conditions under which it’s possible for a forest fire to break out.

Journalist: How does that come about?

Forester: The conditions that influence forest fire dangers are, among others, meteorological conditionsm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497292338305_0meteorological conditions, including: air temperaturem731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497292330786_0air temperature, relative air humiditym731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497292326285_0air humidity, precipitationm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497292312053_0precipitation, cloud coverm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497292307534_0cloud cover, sunlightm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497292302003_0sunlight. Additionally, soil layer humidity is also important. Fire dangers also result from, e.g., a careless bonfirem731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497292294450_0bonfire, throwing out cigarette ends, matches that aren’t properly blown out.

Journalist: And when do we encounter such dangers most often?

Forester: Usually from April 1st to October 31st. That’s the time when direct operations regarding fire protectionm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497292283746_0fire protection are carried out on the areas of national forests.

Journalist: Is there a fire protection system?

Forester: Yes. It’s based on a network of lookout towersm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497292278430_0lookout towers, emergency dispatch posts, wildland fire engines, and a network of forest airbases.

Journalist: Sounds impressive. Is so much preparation really required?

Forester: Unfortunately, yes. The forests in Poland are characterized by high fire dangers. People are responsible for 90% of forest fires.

Journalist: And how do you determine the **fire danger levelm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497292272551_0fire danger level?

Forester: On the basis of the humidity of the litter, air and the precipitation rate. In the period from April 1st to October 31st, the measurements are carried out daily and submitted to the Forest Servicesm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497292265719_0Forest Services. In the period of significant fire dangers, they are also sent to the radio and TV.

Journalist: How many levels of fire dangers are there?

Forester: There are four levels: 0: no danger, I: low danger, II: high danger, III: catastrophicm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497292257697_0catastrophic danger.

Journalist: Thank you for the interview.

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classicmobile
Exercise 6
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Fighting fires using fire‑fighting airplanes and helicopters

The hypertext material is a fragment of a coordination meeting in a forest inspectorate. A fire protection specialist informs the gathered participants that a forest airbase has begun its operation. It will have 2 airplanes of the Dromader type and one MI‑2 helicopter with a Bambi bucket. The specialist discusses the capabilities of the machines: the amount of carried water, the cruising speed, the time it takes them to reach fires. The specialist describes the operating procedures of the machines.

Hipertekst jest fragmentem narady koordynacyjnej w nadleśnictwie. Specjalistka ds. ochrony ppoż. informuje zebranych, że w bieżącym roku rozpoczęła funkcjonowanie leśna baza lotnicza. Będą w niej operować 2 samoloty typu Dromader oraz śmigłowiec MI‑2 z zestawem „Bambi”. Przedstawia możliwości maszyn, tj.: ilość zabieranej wody, prędkość przelotową, czas dolotu do pożaru. Opisuje procedurę użycia tych maszyn.

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I would like to welcome all of you.

I would like to inform you that the fire protection systemm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497302764422_0fire protection system in the forest inspectorate has gained a new element in the form of a forest airbasem731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497302754287_0forest airbase. We will have two Dromader type airplanes for fire protection.

According to the approved procedure, after receiving the coordinates of a firem731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497302748645_0fire ** and forwarding them to the coordinating post, the airplanes will join the fire‑fighting operation. The Dromaders can carry from 2 to 2.5 tons of water and perform a  **point source dischargem731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497302736917_0point source discharge, completely extinguishing the base of the fire this way. They can also drop water from several dozen meters in the form of a water spray fire curtainm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497302733680_0water spray fire curtain, bringing fire to the ground.

Additionally, a MI‑2 helicopter with a Bambi bucket with the capacity of half a ton can operate from the neighboring base.

The experiences from operations carried out with airplanes indicate their high effectiveness, as well as a decrease in the average area of fires, and, as a result, less losses in tree stands.

The other elements of the fire protection system in the forest inspectorates include: fire lookout towersm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497302728712_0fire lookout towers, industrial cameras, wildland fire enginesm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497302618223_0wildland fire engines, and the staff of forest inspectorates. They function on the basis of tested action plans.

Finally, please familiarize yourselves with the updated radio codenamesm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497302614191_0radio codenames and mobile phone numbers of units and employees included in the fire protection system. There are radio stations in the cars of theState Fire Servicem731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497302609415_0State Fire Service and the Voluntary Fire Servicem731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497302603612_0Voluntary Fire Service departments that are part of the national rescue systemm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497302598187_0national rescue system. The radio stationsm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497302589553_0radio stations have forest frequenciesm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497302944027_0frequencies to ensure communicationm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497302952671_0communication with the Forest Servicesm731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497292265719_0Forest Services. This proves useful in the case of operating in an area outside the reception zone of mobile networks.

Thank you for your attention.

classicmobile
Exercise 7
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Gallery

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Scrabble

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Play the game. Zagraj w grę.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Dictionary

air humidity [ɛː hjʊˈmɪdɪti] [phrase]
air humidity [ɛː hjʊˈmɪdɪti] [phrase]

wilgotność powietrza

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497305024756_0
air temperature [ɛː ˈtɛmp(ə)rətʃə] [phrase]
air temperature [ɛː ˈtɛmp(ə)rətʃə] [phrase]

temperatura powietrza

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497305028963_0
alarm, alarms [əˈlɑːm] [singular, noun]
alarm, alarms [əˈlɑːm] [singular, noun]

alarm

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497335091175_0
area, areas [ˈɛːrɪə] [singular, noun]
area, areas [ˈɛːrɪə] [singular, noun]

obszar

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497335096649_0
bonfire, bonfires [ˈbɒnfʌɪə] [singular, noun]
bonfire, bonfires [ˈbɒnfʌɪə] [singular, noun]

ognisko

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497335101839_0
brushwood [ˈbrʌʃwʊd] [singular, noun]
brushwood [ˈbrʌʃwʊd] [singular, noun]

chrust

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497336395332_0
burned area, burned areas [bə:nd ˈɛːrɪə] [phrase]
burned area, burned areas [bə:nd ˈɛːrɪə] [phrase]

pożarysko

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497336402048_0
burning [ˈbəːnɪŋ] [adjective]
burning [ˈbəːnɪŋ] [adjective]

żarzący

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497336417468_0
canister, canisters [ˈkanɪstə] [singular, noun]
canister, canisters [ˈkanɪstə] [singular, noun]

zbiornik

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497336426296_0
carbon‑dioxide [ˈkɑːb(ə)n dʌɪˈɒksʌɪd] [adjective]
carbon‑dioxide [ˈkɑːb(ə)n dʌɪˈɒksʌɪd] [adjective]

śniegowy

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497336435646_0
catastrophic [katəˈstrɒfɪk] [adjective]
catastrophic [katəˈstrɒfɪk] [adjective]

katastrofalny

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1497951440522_0
cloud cover [klaʊd ˈkʌvə] [singular, noun]
cloud cover [klaʊd ˈkʌvə] [singular, noun]

zachmurzenie

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498034118450_0
communication [kəmjuːnɪˈkeɪʃ(ə)n] [singular, noun]
communication [kəmjuːnɪˈkeɪʃ(ə)n] [singular, noun]

łączność

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498034373932_0
container, containers [kənˈteɪnə] [singular, noun]
container, containers [kənˈteɪnə] [singular, noun]

opakowanie

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498035315140_0
crown fire [kraʊn ˈfʌɪə] [phrase]
crown fire [kraʊn ˈfʌɪə] [phrase]

pożar wierzchołkowy

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498035530169_0
drought [draʊt] [singular, noun]
drought [draʊt] [singular, noun]

susza

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498035725028_0
dry‑powder [drʌɪ ˈpaʊdə] [adjective]
dry‑powder [drʌɪ ˈpaʊdə] [adjective]

proszkowy

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498035827118_0
dry‑powder [drʌɪ ˈpaʊdə] [singular, noun]
dry‑powder [drʌɪ ˈpaʊdə] [singular, noun]

proszek

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498035902878_0
emergency button, emergency buttons [ɪˈməːdʒ(ə)nsi ˈbʌt(ə)n] [singular, noun]
emergency button, emergency buttons [ɪˈməːdʒ(ə)nsi ˈbʌt(ə)n] [singular, noun]

przycisk alarmowy

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498036288086_0
escape route, escape routes [ɛˈskeɪp ruːt] [phrase]
escape route, escape routes [ɛˈskeɪp ruːt] [phrase]

droga ewakuacyjna

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498037317754_0
extinguish [ɛkˈstɪŋɡwɪʃ] [verb]
extinguish [ɛkˈstɪŋɡwɪʃ] [verb]

ugasić

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498037463889_0
fire beater, fire beaters [ˈfʌɪə ˈbiːtə] [phrase]
fire beater, fire beaters [ˈfʌɪə ˈbiːtə] [phrase]

tłumica

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498037585993_0
fire blanket, fire blankets [ˈfʌɪə ˈblaŋkɪt] [singular, noun]
fire blanket, fire blankets [ˈfʌɪə ˈblaŋkɪt] [singular, noun]

koc gaśniczy

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498038179960_0
fire danger [ˈfʌɪə ˈdeɪn(d)ʒə] [phrase]
fire danger [ˈfʌɪə ˈdeɪn(d)ʒə] [phrase]

zagrożenie pożarowe

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498038180171_0
fire danger level, fire danger levels [ˈfʌɪə ˈdeɪn(d)ʒə ˈlɛv(ə)l] [phrase]
fire danger level, fire danger levels [ˈfʌɪə ˈdeɪn(d)ʒə ˈlɛv(ə)l] [phrase]

stopień zagrożenia pożarowego

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498038357148_0
fire extinguisher, fire extinguishers [ˈfʌɪə ɪkˈstɪŋɡwɪʃə] [singular, noun]
fire extinguisher, fire extinguishers [ˈfʌɪə ɪkˈstɪŋɡwɪʃə] [singular, noun]

gaśnica

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498038512559_0
fire lookout tower, fire lookout towers [ˈfʌɪə ˈlʊkaʊt ˈtaʊə] [phrase]
fire lookout tower, fire lookout towers [ˈfʌɪə ˈlʊkaʊt ˈtaʊə] [phrase]

dostrzegalnia przeciwpożarowa

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498038693826_0
fire protection [ˈfʌɪə prəˈtɛkʃ(ə)n] [phrase]
fire protection [ˈfʌɪə prəˈtɛkʃ(ə)n] [phrase]

ochrona przeciwpożarowa

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498038800708_0
fire protection system [ˈfʌɪə prəˈtɛkʃ(ə)n ˈsɪstəm] [phrase]
fire protection system [ˈfʌɪə prəˈtɛkʃ(ə)n ˈsɪstəm] [phrase]

system ochrony przeciwpożarowej

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498038885595_0
fire watch [ˈfʌɪə wɒtʃ] [phrase]
fire watch [ˈfʌɪə wɒtʃ] [phrase]

dyżur przeciwpożarowy

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498038979273_0
fire, fires [ˈfʌɪə] [singular, noun]
fire, fires [ˈfʌɪə] [singular, noun]

pożar

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498039057621_0
firebreak [ˈfʌɪəbreɪk] [singular, noun]
firebreak [ˈfʌɪəbreɪk] [singular, noun]

pas przeciwpożarowy

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498039065229_0
flammable [ˈflaməb(ə)l] [adjective]
flammable [ˈflaməb(ə)l] [adjective]

łatwopalna

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498039072609_0
fluid [ˈfluːɪd] [adjective]
fluid [ˈfluːɪd] [adjective]

płynowy

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498039080933_0
foam [fəʊm] [singular, noun]
foam [fəʊm] [singular, noun]

piana

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498039521057_0
forest airbase, forest airbases [ˈfɒrɪst ˈɛːbeɪs] [phrase]
forest airbase, forest airbases [ˈfɒrɪst ˈɛːbeɪs] [phrase]

leśna baza lotnicza

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498039528624_0
forest inspectorate, forest inspectorates [ˈfɒrɪst ɪnˈspɛktərət] [phrase]
forest inspectorate, forest inspectorates [ˈfɒrɪst ɪnˈspɛktərət] [phrase]

nadleśnictwo

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498039534495_0
forest litter [ˈfɒrɪst ˈlɪtə] [phrase]
forest litter [ˈfɒrɪst ˈlɪtə] [phrase]

ściółka leśna

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498039541251_0
Forest Services [ˈfɒrɪst 'sə:vɪsɪz] [phrase]
Forest Services [ˈfɒrɪst 'sə:vɪsɪz] [phrase]

Służba Leśna

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498039546364_0
forest, forests [ˈfɒrɪst] [singular, noun]
forest, forests [ˈfɒrɪst] [singular, noun]

las

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498039552067_0
frequency [ˈfriːkw(ə)nsi] [singular, noun]
frequency [ˈfriːkw(ə)nsi] [singular, noun]

częstotliwość

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498039557316_0
furrow, furrows [ˈfʌrəʊ] [singular, noun]
furrow, furrows [ˈfʌrəʊ] [singular, noun]

bruzda

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498039563317_0
ground cover [ɡraʊnd ˈkʌvə] [singular, noun]
ground cover [ɡraʊnd ˈkʌvə] [singular, noun]

runo leśne

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498039568306_0
ground fire [ɡraʊnd ˈfʌɪə] [phrase]
ground fire [ɡraʊnd ˈfʌɪə] [phrase]

pożar ziemny

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498039574437_0
halide [ˈheɪlʌɪd] ˈheɪlʌɪd
halide [ˈheɪlʌɪd] ˈheɪlʌɪd

halonowy

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498039581371_0
hand‑operated fire equipment [hand 'ɔpəreɪtəd ˈfʌɪə ɪˈkwɪpm(ə)nt] [phrase]
hand‑operated fire equipment [hand 'ɔpəreɪtəd ˈfʌɪə ɪˈkwɪpm(ə)nt] [phrase]

podręczny sprzęt gaśniczy

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498039587604_0
insert [ɪn'sə:t] [verb]
insert [ɪn'sə:t] [verb]

podręczny sprzęt gaśniczy

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498039593364_0
hand‑pump extinguisher, hand‑pump extinguishers [ˈhan(d)pʌmp ɪkˈstɪŋɡwɪʃə] [singular, noun]
hand‑pump extinguisher, hand‑pump extinguishers [ˈhan(d)pʌmp ɪkˈstɪŋɡwɪʃə] [singular, noun]

hydronetka

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498040509505_0
hollow, hollows [ˈhɒləʊ] [singular, noun]
hollow, hollows [ˈhɒləʊ] [singular, noun]

dziupla

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498040523491_0
humidity [hjʊˈmɪdɪti] [singular, noun]
humidity [hjʊˈmɪdɪti] [singular, noun]

wilgotność

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498040530465_0
humus [ˈhjuːməs] [singular, noun]
humus [ˈhjuːməs] [singular, noun]

próchnica

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498040550545_0
hydrant, hydrants [ˈhʌɪdr(ə)nt] [singular, noun]
hydrant, hydrants [ˈhʌɪdr(ə)nt] [singular, noun]

hydrant

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498040556839_0
isolate [ˈʌɪsəleɪt] [verb]
isolate [ˈʌɪsəleɪt] [verb]

odizolowywać/izolować

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498040577306_0
lever, levers [ˈliːvə] [singular, noun]
lever, levers [ˈliːvə] [singular, noun]

dźwignia

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498040584585_0
litter [ˈlɪtə] [singular, noun]
litter [ˈlɪtə] [singular, noun]

ściółka

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498040592268_0
lookout tower, lookout towers [ˈlʊkaʊt ˈtaʊə] [phrase]
lookout tower, lookout towers [ˈlʊkaʊt ˈtaʊə] [phrase]

dostrzegalnia

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498040597481_0
meteorological conditions [ˌmiːtɪərəˈlɒdʒɪk(ə)l kənˈdɪʃ(ə)ns] [phrase]
meteorological conditions [ˌmiːtɪərəˈlɒdʒɪk(ə)l kənˈdɪʃ(ə)ns] [phrase]

warunki meteorologiczne

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498040602617_0
mineral soil [ˈmɪn(ə)r(ə)l sɔɪl] [phrase]
mineral soil [ˈmɪn(ə)r(ə)l sɔɪl] [phrase]

gleba mineralna

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498040607582_0
moor [mʊə] [singular, noun]
moor [mʊə] [singular, noun]

torfowisko

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498041942339_0
muck [mʌk] [singular, noun]
muck [mʌk] [singular, noun]

mursz

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498042010047_0
National Rescue System [ˈnaʃ(ə)n(ə)l ˈrɛskjuː ˈsɪstəm] [phrase]
National Rescue System [ˈnaʃ(ə)n(ə)l ˈrɛskjuː ˈsɪstəm] [phrase]

Krajowy System Ratowniczy

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498042080979_0
nozzle, nozzles [ˈnɒz(ə)l] [singular, noun]
nozzle, nozzles [ˈnɒz(ə)l] [singular, noun]

prądowniczka

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498042156953_0
plough, ploughs [plaʊ] [singular, noun]
plough, ploughs [plaʊ] [singular, noun]

pług

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498042241224_0
ploughing [plaʊɪŋ] [singular, noun]
ploughing [plaʊɪŋ] [singular, noun]

wyoranie, wyorywanie

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498042304845_0
point source discharge [pɔɪnt sɔːs dɪsˈtʃɑːdʒ] [phrase]
point source discharge [pɔɪnt sɔːs dɪsˈtʃɑːdʒ] [phrase]

zrzut punktowy

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498042504819_0
precipitation [prɪˌsɪpɪˈteɪʃ(ə)n] [singular, noun]
precipitation [prɪˌsɪpɪˈteɪʃ(ə)n] [singular, noun]

opad atmosferyczny

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498042628782_0
protection [prəˈtɛkʃ(ə)n] [singular, noun]
protection [prəˈtɛkʃ(ə)n] [singular, noun]

ochrona, zabezpieczenie

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498042692006_0
radio codename, radio codenames [ˈreɪdɪəʊ kəʊd neɪm] [phrase]
radio codename, radio codenames [ˈreɪdɪəʊ kəʊd neɪm] [phrase]

kryptonim radiowy

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498042768091_0
radiostation, radiostations [ˈreɪdɪəʊˈsteɪʃ(ə)n] [singular, noun]
radiostation, radiostations [ˈreɪdɪəʊˈsteɪʃ(ə)n] [singular, noun]

radiostacja

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498042845970_0
rain [reɪn] [singular, noun]
rain [reɪn] [singular, noun]

deszcz

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498042924027_0
safety pin, safety pins [ˈseɪfti pɪn] [singular, noun]
safety pin, safety pins [ˈseɪfti pɪn] [singular, noun]

zawleczka

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498043061155_0
sapling, saplings [ˈsaplɪŋ] [singular, noun]
sapling, saplings [ˈsaplɪŋ] [singular, noun]

podrost

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498043123890_0
State Fire Service [steɪt ˈfʌɪə ˈsəːvɪs] [phrase]
State Fire Service [steɪt ˈfʌɪə ˈsəːvɪs] [phrase]

Państwowa Straż Pożarna

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498043220806_0
sunlight [ˈsʌnlʌɪt] [singular, noun]
sunlight [ˈsʌnlʌɪt] [singular, noun]

promieniowanie słoneczne

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498043300645_0
surface fire [ˈsəːfɪs ˈfʌɪə] [phrase]
surface fire [ˈsəːfɪs ˈfʌɪə] [phrase]

pożar przyziemny

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498043409736_0
tractor, tractors [ˈtraktə] [singular, noun]
tractor, tractors [ˈtraktə] [singular, noun]

ciągnik

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498043531878_0
turf [təːf] [singular, noun]
turf [təːf] [singular, noun]

torf

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498043605845_0
understorey [ˈʌndəstɔːri] [singular, noun]
understorey [ˈʌndəstɔːri] [singular, noun]

podszyt

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498043680924_0
valve, valves [valv] [singular, noun]
valve, valves [valv] [singular, noun]

zawór

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498043745605_0
Voluntary Fire Service [ˈvɒlənt(ə)ri ˈfʌɪə ˈsəːvɪs] [phrase]
Voluntary Fire Service [ˈvɒlənt(ə)ri ˈfʌɪə ˈsəːvɪs] [phrase]

Ochotniczna Straż Pożarna

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498043835111_0
water spray fire curtain, water spray fire curtains [ˈwɔːtə spreɪ ˈfʌɪə ˈkəːt(ə)n] [phrase]
water spray fire curtain, water spray fire curtains [ˈwɔːtə spreɪ ˈfʌɪə ˈkəːt(ə)n] [phrase]

kurtyna wodna

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498043966189_0
water‑cart, water‑carts [ˈwɔːtə kɑːt] [singular, noun]
water‑cart, water‑carts [ˈwɔːtə kɑːt] [singular, noun]

beczkowóz

m731fbd4c5cc7ea2a_1498044035250_0
wildland fire engine [wʌɪldland ˈfʌɪə ˈɛndʒɪn] [phrase]
wildland fire engine [wʌɪldland ˈfʌɪə ˈɛndʒɪn] [phrase]

samochód patrolowo‑gaśniczy