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E-resource ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

Źródło: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.

Environmental pollution balance sheet

1. Film in the standard version.

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The film takes place in a café. An inspector of the Provincial Inspectorate for Environmental Protection talks to a journalist preparing a report on the sources of pollutant emissions to the atmosphere, methods of their monitoring and calculations. Film rozgrywa się w kawiarni. Inspektor Wojewódzkiego Inspektoratu Ochrony Środowiska rozmawia z dziennikarką przygotowującą reportaż na temat źródeł emisji zanieczyszczeń do atmosfery, metod ich monitorowania i obliczeń.

2. Film with subtitles.

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The film takes place in a café. An inspector of the Provincial Inspectorate for Environmental Protection talks to a journalist preparing a report on the sources of pollutant emissions to the atmosphere, methods of their monitoring and calculations. Film rozgrywa się w kawiarni. Inspektor Wojewódzkiego Inspektoratu Ochrony Środowiska rozmawia z dziennikarką przygotowującą reportaż na temat źródeł emisji zanieczyszczeń do atmosfery, metod ich monitorowania i obliczeń.
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3. Film with subtitles and pauses. Listen and repeat after the speaker.

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The film takes place in a café. An inspector of the Provincial Inspectorate for Environmental Protection talks to a journalist preparing a report on the sources of pollutant emissions to the atmosphere, methods of their monitoring and calculations. Film rozgrywa się w kawiarni. Inspektor Wojewódzkiego Inspektoratu Ochrony Środowiska rozmawia z dziennikarką przygotowującą reportaż na temat źródeł emisji zanieczyszczeń do atmosfery, metod ich monitorowania i obliczeń.
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4. Film with subtitles and narration.

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The film takes place in a café. An inspector of the Provincial Inspectorate for Environmental Protection talks to a journalist preparing a report on the sources of pollutant emissions to the atmosphere, methods of their monitoring and calculations. Film rozgrywa się w kawiarni. Inspektor Wojewódzkiego Inspektoratu Ochrony Środowiska rozmawia z dziennikarką przygotowującą reportaż na temat źródeł emisji zanieczyszczeń do atmosfery, metod ich monitorowania i obliczeń.
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classicmobile
Exercise 1
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Sources of water pollution

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The animation presents water quality classes in Poland, reasons of their pollution and factors affecting water quality. Animacja przedstawia klasy czystości wód w Polsce, przyczyny zanieczyszczenia oraz czynniki wpływające na jakość wody.
classicmobile
Exercise 2
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Soil pollution

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The animation presents reasons and consequences of soil pollution. Animacja prezentuje przyczyny i skutki zanieczyszczeń gleb.
classicmobile
Exercise 3
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Water management instructions

The hypertext material is a letter concerned with the documentation necessary to acquire the permit to build a small hydroelectric power plant.

Hipertekst stanowi odpowiedź listowną urzędu w sprawie niezbędnej dokumentacji w procesie uzyskiwania pozwoleń na budowę małej elektrowni wodnej.

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Dear Mister Smith,

In response to your inquiry regarding the documentation necessary to acquire the permit to build a small hydroelectric power plant, we would like to inform you that:

Acquiring the Decision on Environmental Conditionsmff922668e03c01a5_1497279637332_0Decision on Environmental Conditions is the first step in applying for the permit to build a small hydroelectric power plant.

The next step before beginning the construction works of a small hydroelectric power plant is submitting the water permit application and acquiring the permit.

Additionally, the design of the water managementmff922668e03c01a5_1497279718401_0water management instruction should be attached to the water permit application.

According to the Water Law, the water management instruction should consist of a descriptive part, and a graphic part. The descriptive part of the instruction for water tanks and barrages includes:
● general information on the location of the water equipmentmff922668e03c01a5_1497279733582_0water equipment;
● the name of the owner directly responsible for the water management and maintenance of the water equipment;
● the specification of the tasks to be performed by the water equipment;
● basic information relating to: the minimum, normal, maximum and extraordinary damming levelmff922668e03c01a5_1497279738479_0damming level, water flows, usable capacitymff922668e03c01a5_1497279743621_0usable capacity, maximum capacity of the water equipmentmff922668e03c01a5_1497279748379_0capacity of the water equipment,normal conditions of usemff922668e03c01a5_1497279753543_0normal conditions of use, alarm state for the tankmff922668e03c01a5_1497279762480_0alarm state for the tank;
● a list of measuring devices related to water management attached to the water equipment.

The graphic part of the instructions for water tanks and barrages includes:
● plans and schemes concerning the water equipment, related to water management;
● topographic maps covering the location of the damming structuresmff922668e03c01a5_1497279767416_0damming structures, water intakesmff922668e03c01a5_1497279772536_0water intakes, pumping stations, water canals**mff922668e03c01a5_1497279777622_0water canals** and water collecting and dumping facilities.

The instructions for water tanks and water barragesmff922668e03c01a5_1497279782995_0water barrages should additionally include:
● copies of the water‑law permitsmff922668e03c01a5_1497279787842_0water‑law permits related to a given water facility;
● copies of the water‑law permits related to other water facilities, or facilities within the range of mutual influence.

Best regards,

Mark Parker
Head of the Water‑Law Permits Division
Regional Water Management in Rzeszów

classicmobile
Exercise 4
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Air quality in Poland

The hypertext material is a conversation between two employees of the Inspection for Environmental Protection. One of them presents an app for assessing air pollution.

Hipertekst stanowi rozmowę dwóch pracowników Inspektoratu Ochrony Środowiska. Jeden z nich prezentuje aplikację do oceny zanieczyszczenia powietrza.

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Adam: Good morning. I have come to talk to you about the prototype of a new mobile applicationmff922668e03c01a5_1497292341857_0mobile application. It presents the current data on air quality in Poland.

Daniel: I'm listening. Please, tell me more.

Adam: It presents the calculations from automatic measurement stationsmff922668e03c01a5_1497292338305_0automatic measurement stations operating within the framework of the State Environmental Monitoring. The application shows a map of current pollution data from all automatic stations in Poland. You need to select the station from which you want to see the data. Thanks to this, the application will show you the results of the current concentrationsmff922668e03c01a5_1497292330786_0concentrationsof PM10 dust, PM2.5 dust, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, benzene and ozone.

Daniel: How often are the results updated?

Adam: The data is updated and shown every hour in the form of anair quality indexmff922668e03c01a5_1497292326285_0air quality index on a five‑point scale from „low” to „risky”. Internet access and having a smartphone are the only technical requirements. After installation, the application shows the data from the nearest measurement station on the main screen. You can select the results from the continuous automatic measurementmff922668e03c01a5_1497292312053_0continuous automatic measurement, daily manual measurementmff922668e03c01a5_1497292307534_0daily manual measurementandmonthly passive measurement stationmff922668e03c01a5_1497292302003_0monthly passive measurement station. Based on the results of the measurements supported by a mathematical modeling of air qualitymff922668e03c01a5_1497292294450_0mathematical modeling of air quality, annual and five‑year air quality assessmentsmff922668e03c01a5_1497292283746_0air quality assessments are carried out.

Daniel: I understand. What if there are any threats? Does the app show the most important warnings?

Adam: Yes, it shows warnings and information about the occurrence of high concentrations of pollutants exceeding informationmff922668e03c01a5_1497292278430_0information, or alert levelsmff922668e03c01a5_1497292272551_0alert levels.

Daniel: This application sounds promising. Thanks to it, users will always know if the air quality allows for a healthy walk with a child, or safe outdoor exercise. Please, send me the details via e‑mail.

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classicmobile
Exercise 5
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Determination of pollution degree

The hypertext material presents a fragment of an article from an industry magazine. It discusses ways to determine the degree of water and wastewater pollution.

Hipertekst jest fragmentem artykułu z czasopisma branżowego. Omawia sposoby określania stopnia zanieczyszczenia wody i ścieków.

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The so‑calledbiochemical oxygen demandmff922668e03c01a5_1497302764422_0biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5) is the parameter determining the amount of pollutants in sewage. This is the amount of oxygen dissolved in the water consumed by aerobic bacteriamff922668e03c01a5_1497302754287_0aerobic bacteria in a given time. The contaminants are oxidized by the bacteria within 3 days, and after about 20 days the process is usually complete. During this time, the biochemical oxygen demand is determined. Oxygen loss is the amount of oxygen consumed by microorganisms for the ***oxidation of pollutants.***mff922668e03c01a5_1497302748645_0***oxidation of pollutants.*** The result is given as BOD5 in mgO2/dm3. BOD5 is determined by the dilution methodmff922668e03c01a5_1497302736917_0dilution method, the only officially accepted measuring method, or by using manometric methodsmff922668e03c01a5_1497302733680_0manometric methods.

Another parameter is the chemical oxygen demandmff922668e03c01a5_1497302728712_0chemical oxygen demand (COD), in other words the property of water and wastewater to reduce chemical compounds such as potassium permanganate (VII), or potassium dichromate (VI). The potassium permanganate methodmff922668e03c01a5_1497302618223_0potassium permanganate method is usually used to determine the COD of water, and the dichromate methodmff922668e03c01a5_1497302614191_0dichromate method is used for wastewater.

A certain amount of chemical oxidizermff922668e03c01a5_1497302609415_0chemical oxidizer and necessary catalystsmff922668e03c01a5_1497302603612_0catalysts are introduced into the tested sewage sample. Then, under strictly defined conditions, the oxidation process is carried out. After oxidation, the remaining amount of the oxidant is determined.

Dry residuemff922668e03c01a5_1497302598187_0Dry residue is the parameter that determines the total amount of pollutants contained in wastewater. This is the mass of the pollutants remaining after the evaporation of the sample and drying it at 105°C. We also distinguish the following indicators: loss on ignitionmff922668e03c01a5_1497302589553_0loss on ignition (substances that have been oxidized tovolatile compoundsmff922668e03c01a5_1497302944027_0volatile compounds during ignition at 600°C) and the residue on ignitionmff922668e03c01a5_1497302952671_0residue on ignition (the part of the dry residue that remains after ignition).

classicmobile
Exercise 6
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Gallery

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classicmobile
Exercise 7
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Memory

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Play the game. Zagraj w grę.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Dictionary

accelerated eutrophication [ək.ˈse.lə.reɪ.tɪd juːtrəfɪˈkeɪʃ(ə)n] [noun, uncountable]
accelerated eutrophication [ək.ˈse.lə.reɪ.tɪd juːtrəfɪˈkeɪʃ(ə)n] [noun, uncountable]

przyśpieszona eutrofizacja

mff922668e03c01a5_1497305024756_0
acid rain[ˌæ.sɪd ˈreɪn][noun, countable]
acid rain[ˌæ.sɪd ˈreɪn][noun, countable]

kwaśny deszcz

mff922668e03c01a5_1497305028963_0
aerobic bacterium, aerobic bacteria [eə.ˈrəʊ.bɪk bæk.ˈtɪə.riəm, eə.ˈrəʊ.bɪk bækˈtɪəriə][noun, irregular, countable]
aerobic bacterium, aerobic bacteria [eə.ˈrəʊ.bɪk bæk.ˈtɪə.riəm, eə.ˈrəʊ.bɪk bækˈtɪəriə][noun, irregular, countable]

bakteria tlenowa, bakterie tlenowe

mff922668e03c01a5_1497335091175_0
agricultural activity [ˌæ.ɡrɪˈk.ʌlt.ʃrəl æk.ˈtɪ.və.ti] [noun, countable]
agricultural activity [ˌæ.ɡrɪˈk.ʌlt.ʃrəl æk.ˈtɪ.və.ti] [noun, countable]

działalność rolnicza

mff922668e03c01a5_1497335096649_0
agricultural use of sewage [ˌæ.ɡrɪˈk.ʌlt.ʃrəl ˈjuːs əv ˈsjuːɪdʒ][phrase]
agricultural use of sewage [ˌæ.ɡrɪˈk.ʌlt.ʃrəl ˈjuːs əv ˈsjuːɪdʒ][phrase]

rolnicze wykorzystanie ścieków

mff922668e03c01a5_1497335101839_0
air quality assessment [eə ˈkwɒ.lɪ.ti ə.ˈse.smənt][noun, uncountable]
air quality assessment [eə ˈkwɒ.lɪ.ti ə.ˈse.smənt][noun, uncountable]

ocena jakości powietrza

mff922668e03c01a5_1497336395332_0
air quality index [eə ˈkwɒ.lɪ.ti ˈɪn.deks][noun, countable]
air quality index [eə ˈkwɒ.lɪ.ti ˈɪn.deks][noun, countable]

indeks jakości powietrza

mff922668e03c01a5_1497336402048_0
alarm state for the tank [ə.ˈlɑːm steɪt fə ðə tæŋk][phrase]
alarm state for the tank [ə.ˈlɑːm steɪt fə ðə tæŋk][phrase]

stan alarmowy dla zbiornika

mff922668e03c01a5_1497336417468_0
alert level [ə.ˈlɜːt ˈlev.əl] [noun, countable]
alert level [ə.ˈlɜːt ˈlev.əl] [noun, countable]

poziom alarmowy

mff922668e03c01a5_1497336426296_0
anthropogenic phenomenon, anthropogenic phenomena [ˌanθrəpəˈdʒɛnɪk fɪ.ˈnɒ.mɪ.nən, ˌanθrəpəˈdʒɛnɪk fɪ.ˈnɒ.mɪ.nə ] [noun, irregular, countable]
anthropogenic phenomenon, anthropogenic phenomena [ˌanθrəpəˈdʒɛnɪk fɪ.ˈnɒ.mɪ.nən, ˌanθrəpəˈdʒɛnɪk fɪ.ˈnɒ.mɪ.nə ] [noun, irregular, countable]

zjawisko antropogeniczne, zjawiska antropogeniczne

mff922668e03c01a5_1497336435646_0
atmosphere [ˈæt.mə.sfɪə][noun, uncountable]
atmosphere [ˈæt.mə.sfɪə][noun, uncountable]

atmosfera

mff922668e03c01a5_1497951440522_0
atmospheric pollution [ˌæt.məs.ˈfe.rɪk pə.ˈluːʃ.ən][noun, uncountable]
atmospheric pollution [ˌæt.məs.ˈfe.rɪk pə.ˈluːʃ.ən][noun, uncountable]

stan zanieczyszczenia atmosfery

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automatic measurement station [ˌɔː.tə.ˈmæ.tɪk ˈme.ʒə.mənt ˈsteɪʃ.ən] [noun, countable]
automatic measurement station [ˌɔː.tə.ˈmæ.tɪk ˈme.ʒə.mənt ˈsteɪʃ.ən] [noun, countable]

automatyczna stacja pomiarowa

mff922668e03c01a5_1498034373932_0
balance of substances [bæ.ləns əv ˈsʌb.stən.sɪz] [phrase]
balance of substances [bæ.ləns əv ˈsʌb.stən.sɪz] [phrase]

bilans substancji

mff922668e03c01a5_1498035315140_0
biochemical oxygen demand [ˌbaɪəʊˈk.e.mɪ.stri ˈɒk.sɪ.dʒən dɪ.ˈmɑːnd] [noun, uncountable]
biochemical oxygen demand [ˌbaɪəʊˈk.e.mɪ.stri ˈɒk.sɪ.dʒən dɪ.ˈmɑːnd] [noun, uncountable]

biochemiczne zapotrzebowanie tlenu

mff922668e03c01a5_1498035530169_0
biogenic element [ˌbaɪoˈdʒɛnɪk ˈɛləmənt] [noun, countable]
biogenic element [ˌbaɪoˈdʒɛnɪk ˈɛləmənt] [noun, countable]

element biogeniczny

mff922668e03c01a5_1498035725028_0
biological balance of soil [ˌbaɪə.ˈlɒ.dʒɪk.əl ˈbæ.ləns əv sɔɪl] [phrase]
biological balance of soil [ˌbaɪə.ˈlɒ.dʒɪk.əl ˈbæ.ləns əv sɔɪl] [phrase]

równowaga biologiczna gleb

mff922668e03c01a5_1498035827118_0
bridge [brɪdʒ] [noun, countable]
bridge [brɪdʒ] [noun, countable]

pomost

mff922668e03c01a5_1498035902878_0
capacity of the water equipment [kə.ˈpæ.sɪ.ti əv ðə ˈwɔː.tər ɪ.ˈkwɪp.mənt] [phrase]
capacity of the water equipment [kə.ˈpæ.sɪ.ti əv ðə ˈwɔː.tər ɪ.ˈkwɪp.mənt] [phrase]

przepustowość urządzenia wodnego

mff922668e03c01a5_1498036288086_0
catalyst [ˈkæ.tə.lɪst] [noun, countable]
catalyst [ˈkæ.tə.lɪst] [noun, countable]

katalizator

mff922668e03c01a5_1498037317754_0
chemical oxidizer [ˈke.mɪk.əl ˈɑːk.sə.ˌdaɪ.zə] [noun, countable]
chemical oxidizer [ˈke.mɪk.əl ˈɑːk.sə.ˌdaɪ.zə] [noun, countable]

chemiczny utleniacz

mff922668e03c01a5_1498037463889_0
chemical oxygen demand [ˈke.mɪk.əl ˈɒk.sɪ.dʒən dɪ.ˈmɑːnd] [noun, uncountable]
chemical oxygen demand [ˈke.mɪk.əl ˈɒk.sɪ.dʒən dɪ.ˈmɑːnd] [noun, uncountable]

chemiczne zapotrzebowanie tlenu

mff922668e03c01a5_1498037585993_0
chemical pollution [ˈke.mɪk.əl pə.ˈluːʃ.ən] [noun, uncountable]
chemical pollution [ˈke.mɪk.əl pə.ˈluːʃ.ən] [noun, uncountable]

zanieczyszczenie chemiczne

mff922668e03c01a5_1498038179960_0
chemical substance [ˈke.mɪk.əl ˈsʌb.stəns] [noun, countable]
chemical substance [ˈke.mɪk.əl ˈsʌb.stəns] [noun, countable]

substancja chemiczna

mff922668e03c01a5_1498038180171_0
chemisation of cultivations [ke.mɪk.aɪ.ˈseɪʃ.ən əv ˌkʌl.tɪ.ˈveɪʃ.ənz] [phrase]
chemisation of cultivations [ke.mɪk.aɪ.ˈseɪʃ.ən əv ˌkʌl.tɪ.ˈveɪʃ.ənz] [phrase]

chemizacja upraw

mff922668e03c01a5_1498038357148_0
class I water [klɑːs wʌn ˈwɔː.tə] [phrase]
class I water [klɑːs wʌn ˈwɔː.tə] [phrase]

woda pierwszej klasy

mff922668e03c01a5_1498038512559_0
concentration [ˌkɒn.sən.ˈtreɪʃ.ən] [noun, uncountable]
concentration [ˌkɒn.sən.ˈtreɪʃ.ən] [noun, uncountable]

stężenie

mff922668e03c01a5_1498038693826_0
continuous automatic measurement [kən.ˈtɪ.njʊəs ˌɔː.tə.ˈmæ.tɪk ˈme.ʒə.mənt] [noun, countable]
continuous automatic measurement [kən.ˈtɪ.njʊəs ˌɔː.tə.ˈmæ.tɪk ˈme.ʒə.mənt] [noun, countable]

pomiar automatyczny ciągły

mff922668e03c01a5_1498038800708_0
continuous measurement [kən.ˈtɪ.njʊəs ˈme.ʒə.mənt] [noun, countable]
continuous measurement [kən.ˈtɪ.njʊəs ˈme.ʒə.mənt] [noun, countable]

pomiar ciągły

mff922668e03c01a5_1498038885595_0
cooling devices [ˈkuːl.ɪŋ dɪ.ˈvaɪ.sɪz] [phrase]
cooling devices [ˈkuːl.ɪŋ dɪ.ˈvaɪ.sɪz] [phrase]

chłodzenie urządzeń

mff922668e03c01a5_1498038979273_0
daily manual measurement [ˈdeɪ.li ˈmæ.njʊəl ˈme.ʒə.mənt][noun, countable]
daily manual measurement [ˈdeɪ.li ˈmæ.njʊəl ˈme.ʒə.mənt][noun, countable]

pomiar manualny dobowy

mff922668e03c01a5_1498039057621_0
damming level [ˈdæm.ɪŋ ˈlev.əl] [noun, countable]
damming level [ˈdæm.ɪŋ ˈlev.əl] [noun, countable]

poziom piętrzenia

mff922668e03c01a5_1498039065229_0
damming structure [ˈdæm.ɪŋ ˈstrʌk.tʃə][noun, countable]
damming structure [ˈdæm.ɪŋ ˈstrʌk.tʃə][noun, countable]

budowla piętrząca

mff922668e03c01a5_1498039072609_0
Decision on Environmental Conditions [dɪ.ˈsɪʒ.ən ɒn ɪn.ˌvaɪə.rən.ˈmen.təl kən.ˈdɪʃ.ənz] [phrase]
Decision on Environmental Conditions [dɪ.ˈsɪʒ.ən ɒn ɪn.ˌvaɪə.rən.ˈmen.təl kən.ˈdɪʃ.ənz] [phrase]

Decyzja o Środowiskowych Uwarunkowaniach

mff922668e03c01a5_1498039080933_0
degradation of soil [ˌde.ɡrə.ˈdeɪʃ.ən əv sɔɪl] [phrase]
degradation of soil [ˌde.ɡrə.ˈdeɪʃ.ən əv sɔɪl] [phrase]

degradacja gleby

mff922668e03c01a5_1498039521057_0
degrading factor [dɪ.ˈɡreɪd.ɪŋ ˈfæk.tə] [noun, countable]
degrading factor [dɪ.ˈɡreɪd.ɪŋ ˈfæk.tə] [noun, countable]

czynnik degradujący

mff922668e03c01a5_1498039528624_0
dichromate method [daɪˈkro.ˌmet ˈme.θəd] [noun, uncountable]
dichromate method [daɪˈkro.ˌmet ˈme.θəd] [noun, uncountable]

metoda dichromianowa

mff922668e03c01a5_1498039534495_0
dilution method [daɪ.ˈljuːʃ.ən ˈme.θəd] [noun, uncountable]
dilution method [daɪ.ˈljuːʃ.ən ˈme.θəd] [noun, uncountable]

metoda rozcieńczeń

mff922668e03c01a5_1498039541251_0
dry residue [draɪ ˈre.zɪ.djuː] [noun, countable]
dry residue [draɪ ˈre.zɪ.djuː] [noun, countable]

sucha pozostałość

mff922668e03c01a5_1498039546364_0
ecological state of surface waters [ˌiːk.ə.ˈlɒ.dʒɪk.əl steɪt əv ˈsɜː.fɪs ˈwɔː.təz][phrase]
ecological state of surface waters [ˌiːk.ə.ˈlɒ.dʒɪk.əl steɪt əv ˈsɜː.fɪs ˈwɔː.təz][phrase]

stan ekologiczny wód powierzchniowych

mff922668e03c01a5_1498039552067_0
emission of pollutants [ɪ.ˈmɪʃ.ən əv pə.ˈluː.tənts] [phrase]
emission of pollutants [ɪ.ˈmɪʃ.ən əv pə.ˈluː.tənts] [phrase]

emisja zanieczyszczeń

mff922668e03c01a5_1498039557316_0
emitter [ɪˈmɪtə] [noun, countable]
emitter [ɪˈmɪtə] [noun, countable]

emitor

mff922668e03c01a5_1498039563317_0
energy distribution [ˈe.nə.dʒi ˌdɪ.strɪ.ˈbjuːʃ.ən] [noun, uncoutable]
energy distribution [ˈe.nə.dʒi ˌdɪ.strɪ.ˈbjuːʃ.ən] [noun, uncoutable]

dystrybucja energii

mff922668e03c01a5_1498039568306_0
energy production [ˈe.nə.dʒi prə.ˈdʌk.ʃən] [noun, uncountable]
energy production [ˈe.nə.dʒi prə.ˈdʌk.ʃən] [noun, uncountable]

wytwarzanie energii

mff922668e03c01a5_1498039574437_0
exhaust fume [ɪɡ.ˈzɔːst fjuːm] [noun, countable]
exhaust fume [ɪɡ.ˈzɔːst fjuːm] [noun, countable]

spalina

mff922668e03c01a5_1498039581371_0
fee for the use of the environment [fiː fə ðə ˈjuːs əv ði ɪn.ˈvaɪə.rən.mənt] [phrase]
fee for the use of the environment [fiː fə ðə ˈjuːs əv ði ɪn.ˈvaɪə.rən.mənt] [phrase]

opłata za korzystanie ze środowiska

mff922668e03c01a5_1498039587604_0
fuel combustion [ˈfjuːəl kəm.ˈbʌs.tʃən] [noun, uncountable]
fuel combustion [ˈfjuːəl kəm.ˈbʌs.tʃən] [noun, uncountable]

spalanie paliw

mff922668e03c01a5_1498039593364_0
fuel combustion process [ˈfjuːəl kəm.ˈbʌs.tʃən ˈprəʊ.ses] [noun, countable]
fuel combustion process [ˈfjuːəl kəm.ˈbʌs.tʃən ˈprəʊ.ses] [noun, countable]

proces spalania paliw

mff922668e03c01a5_1498040509505_0
harmful hydrocarbon [ˈhɑːm.fəl ˌhaɪ.drəˈk.ɑː.bənz] [noun, countable]
harmful hydrocarbon [ˈhɑːm.fəl ˌhaɪ.drəˈk.ɑː.bənz] [noun, countable]

szkodliwy węglowodór

mff922668e03c01a5_1498040523491_0
increasing the temperature of the surface water [ɪn.ˈkriːs.ɪŋ ðə ˈtem.prə.tʃər əv ðə ˈsɜː.fɪs ˈwɔː.tə] [phrase]
increasing the temperature of the surface water [ɪn.ˈkriːs.ɪŋ ðə ˈtem.prə.tʃər əv ðə ˈsɜː.fɪs ˈwɔː.tə] [phrase]

podwyższenie temperatury wody powierzchniowej

mff922668e03c01a5_1498040530465_0
indicator of discharge [ˈɪn.dɪk.eɪ.tər əv ˈdɪs.tʃɑːdʒ] [phrase]
indicator of discharge [ˈɪn.dɪk.eɪ.tər əv ˈdɪs.tʃɑːdʒ] [phrase]

wskaźnik unosu

mff922668e03c01a5_1498040550545_0
indicator of emission [ˈɪn.dɪk.eɪ.tər əv ɪ.ˈmɪʃ.ən][phrase]
indicator of emission [ˈɪn.dɪk.eɪ.tər əv ɪ.ˈmɪʃ.ən][phrase]

wskaźnik emisji

mff922668e03c01a5_1498040556839_0
indicator of soil degradation [ˈɪn.dɪk.eɪ.tər əv sɔɪl ˌde.ɡrə.ˈdeɪʃ.ən] [phrase]
indicator of soil degradation [ˈɪn.dɪk.eɪ.tər əv sɔɪl ˌde.ɡrə.ˈdeɪʃ.ən] [phrase]

wskaźnik degradacji gleby

mff922668e03c01a5_1498040577306_0
information level [ˌɪn.fə.ˈmeɪʃ.ən ˈlev.əl] [noun, countable]
information level [ˌɪn.fə.ˈmeɪʃ.ən ˈlev.əl] [noun, countable]

poziom informowania

mff922668e03c01a5_1498040584585_0
inorganic substance [ˌɪ.nɔː.ˈɡæ.nɪk ˈsʌb.stəns][noun, countable]
inorganic substance [ˌɪ.nɔː.ˈɡæ.nɪk ˈsʌb.stəns][noun, countable]

substancja nieorganiczna

mff922668e03c01a5_1498040592268_0
introduction of industrial wastewater into the sewage system [ˌɪn.trə.ˈdʌk.ʃən əv ɪn.ˈdʌ.strɪəl ˈweɪˌs.twɒ.tər ˈɪn.tə ðə ˈsjuːɪdʒ ˈsɪ.stəm] [phrase]
introduction of industrial wastewater into the sewage system [ˌɪn.trə.ˈdʌk.ʃən əv ɪn.ˈdʌ.strɪəl ˈweɪˌs.twɒ.tər ˈɪn.tə ðə ˈsjuːɪdʒ ˈsɪ.stəm] [phrase]

wprowadzenie ścieków przemysłowych do kanalizacji

mff922668e03c01a5_1498040597481_0
irrigation [ˌɪ.rɪ.ˈɡeɪʃ.ən] [noun, uncountable]
irrigation [ˌɪ.rɪ.ˈɡeɪʃ.ən] [noun, uncountable]

nawadnianie

mff922668e03c01a5_1498040602617_0
landfill [ˈlænd.fɪl] [noun, countable]
landfill [ˈlænd.fɪl] [noun, countable]

składowisko

mff922668e03c01a5_1498040607582_0
linear emission [ˈlɪ.nɪər ɪ.ˈmɪʃ.ən] [noun, uncountable]
linear emission [ˈlɪ.nɪər ɪ.ˈmɪʃ.ən] [noun, uncountable]

emisja liniowa

mff922668e03c01a5_1498041942339_0
loss on ignition [lɒs ɒn ɪɡ.ˈnɪʃ.ən][phrase]
loss on ignition [lɒs ɒn ɪɡ.ˈnɪʃ.ən][phrase]

strata po prażeniu

mff922668e03c01a5_1498042010047_0
manometric method [mɑː.nəʊˈme.trɪk ˈme.θəd] [noun, uncountable]
manometric method [mɑː.nəʊˈme.trɪk ˈme.θəd] [noun, uncountable]

metoda manometryczna

mff922668e03c01a5_1498042080979_0
mathematical modeling of air quality [ˌmæ.θə.ˈmæ.tɪk.əl ˈmɑː.dəl.ɪŋ əv eə ˈkwɒ.lɪ.ti] [phrase]
mathematical modeling of air quality [ˌmæ.θə.ˈmæ.tɪk.əl ˈmɑː.dəl.ɪŋ əv eə ˈkwɒ.lɪ.ti] [phrase]

matematyczne modelowanie jakości powietrza

mff922668e03c01a5_1498042156953_0
microorganism [ˌmaɪk.rəʊ ˈɔːɡ.ə.ˌnɪz.əm] [noun, countable]
microorganism [ˌmaɪk.rəʊ ˈɔːɡ.ə.ˌnɪz.əm] [noun, countable]

mikroorganizm

mff922668e03c01a5_1498042241224_0
mobile application [ˈməʊ.baɪl ˌæ.plɪˈk.eɪʃ.ən] [noun, countable]
mobile application [ˈməʊ.baɪl ˌæ.plɪˈk.eɪʃ.ən] [noun, countable]

aplikacja mobilna

mff922668e03c01a5_1498042304845_0
monthly passive measurement [ˈmʌnθ.li ˈpæ.sɪv ˈme.ʒə.mənt] [noun, countable]
monthly passive measurement [ˈmʌnθ.li ˈpæ.sɪv ˈme.ʒə.mənt] [noun, countable]

pomiar pasywny miesięczny

mff922668e03c01a5_1498042504819_0
natural phenomenon, natural phenomena [ˈnæt.ʃrəl fɪ.ˈnɒ.mɪ.nən, ˈnæt.ʃrəl fɪ.ˈnɒ.mɪ.nə] [noun, irregular, countable]
natural phenomenon, natural phenomena [ˈnæt.ʃrəl fɪ.ˈnɒ.mɪ.nən, ˈnæt.ʃrəl fɪ.ˈnɒ.mɪ.nə] [noun, irregular, countable]

zjawisko naturalne, zjawiska naturalne

mff922668e03c01a5_1498042628782_0
nitrogen compounds from fertilised fields [ˈnaɪ.trə.dʒən kəm.ˈpaʊndz frəm ˈfɜː.tə.laɪzd fiːldz] [phrase]
nitrogen compounds from fertilised fields [ˈnaɪ.trə.dʒən kəm.ˈpaʊndz frəm ˈfɜː.tə.laɪzd fiːldz] [phrase]

związki azotu z nawożonych pól

mff922668e03c01a5_1498042692006_0
nitrogen oxide [ˈnaɪ.trə.dʒən ˈɒk.saɪd] [noun, countable]
nitrogen oxide [ˈnaɪ.trə.dʒən ˈɒk.saɪd] [noun, countable]

tlenek azotu

mff922668e03c01a5_1498042768091_0
normal conditions of use [ˈnɔːm.əl kən.ˈdɪʃ.ənz əv ˈjuːs][phrase]
normal conditions of use [ˈnɔːm.əl kən.ˈdɪʃ.ənz əv ˈjuːs][phrase]

normalne warunki użytkowania

mff922668e03c01a5_1498042845970_0
organic remains [ɔː.ˈɡæ.nɪk rɪ.ˈmeɪnz][noun, plural]
organic remains [ɔː.ˈɡæ.nɪk rɪ.ˈmeɪnz][noun, plural]

szczątki organiczne

mff922668e03c01a5_1498042924027_0
organic substance [ɔː.ˈɡæ.nɪk ˈsʌb.stəns] [noun, countable]
organic substance [ɔː.ˈɡæ.nɪk ˈsʌb.stəns] [noun, countable]

substancja organiczna

mff922668e03c01a5_1498043061155_0
oxidation of pollutants [ˌɒk.sɪd.ˈeɪʃ.ən əv pə.ˈluː.tənts][phrase]
oxidation of pollutants [ˌɒk.sɪd.ˈeɪʃ.ən əv pə.ˈluː.tənts][phrase]

utlenianie zanieczyszczeń

mff922668e03c01a5_1498043123890_0
periodic measurement [ˌpɪə.rɪ.ˈɒ.dɪk ˈme.ʒə.mənt] [noun, countable]
periodic measurement [ˌpɪə.rɪ.ˈɒ.dɪk ˈme.ʒə.mənt] [noun, countable]

pomiar okresowy

mff922668e03c01a5_1498043220806_0
point emission [pɔɪnt ɪ.ˈmɪʃ.ən] [noun, uncountable]
point emission [pɔɪnt ɪ.ˈmɪʃ.ən] [noun, uncountable]

emisja punktowa

mff922668e03c01a5_1498043300645_0
polluted water [pə.ˈluː.tɪd ˈwɔː.tə] [noun, countable]
polluted water [pə.ˈluː.tɪd ˈwɔː.tə] [noun, countable]

woda zanieczyszczona

mff922668e03c01a5_1498043409736_0
pond [pɒnd] [noun, countable]
pond [pɒnd] [noun, countable]

staw

mff922668e03c01a5_1498043531878_0
potassium permanganate method [pə.ˈtæ.sɪəm pə.ˈmæŋ.ɡə.neɪt ˈme.θəd] [noun, uncountable]
potassium permanganate method [pə.ˈtæ.sɪəm pə.ˈmæŋ.ɡə.neɪt ˈme.θəd] [noun, uncountable]

metoda nadmanganianowa

mff922668e03c01a5_1498043605845_0
pro‑environmental activity [prəʊ ɪn.ˌvaɪə.rən.ˈmen.təl æk.ˈtɪ.və.ti] [noun, countable]
pro‑environmental activity [prəʊ ɪn.ˌvaɪə.rən.ˈmen.təl æk.ˈtɪ.və.ti] [noun, countable]

działanie proekologiczne

mff922668e03c01a5_1498043680924_0
radioactive substance [ˌreɪ.dɪəʊ.ˈæk.tɪv ˈsʌb.stəns] [noun, countable]
radioactive substance [ˌreɪ.dɪəʊ.ˈæk.tɪv ˈsʌb.stəns] [noun, countable]

substancja radioaktywna

mff922668e03c01a5_1498043745605_0
rainwater [ˈreɪn.wɔː.tə] [noun, uncountable]
rainwater [ˈreɪn.wɔː.tə] [noun, uncountable]

woda odpadowa

mff922668e03c01a5_1498043835111_0
residue on ignition [ˈre.zɪ.djuː ɒn ɪɡ.ˈnɪʃ.ən] [phrase]
residue on ignition [ˈre.zɪ.djuː ɒn ɪɡ.ˈnɪʃ.ən] [phrase]

pozostałość po prażeniu

mff922668e03c01a5_1498043966189_0
road transport [rəʊd ˈtræn.spɔːt][noun, uncountable]
road transport [rəʊd ˈtræn.spɔːt][noun, uncountable]

transport drogowy

mff922668e03c01a5_1498044035250_0
sewage disposal [ˈsjuːɪdʒ dɪ.ˈspəʊz.ə] [noun, uncountable]
sewage disposal [ˈsjuːɪdʒ dɪ.ˈspəʊz.ə] [noun, uncountable]

odprowadzenie ścieków

mff922668e03c01a5_1498044089219_0
soil acidification [sɔɪl ə.ˌsɪ.dɪ.fɪˈk.eɪʃ.ən] [noun, uncountable]
soil acidification [sɔɪl ə.ˌsɪ.dɪ.fɪˈk.eɪʃ.ən] [noun, uncountable]

zakwaszenie gleby

mff922668e03c01a5_1498044156384_0
soil conversion into steppe soil [sɔɪl kən.ˈvɜːʃ.ən ˈɪn.tə step sɔɪl] [phrase]
soil conversion into steppe soil [sɔɪl kən.ˈvɜːʃ.ən ˈɪn.tə step sɔɪl] [phrase]

stepowienie gleb

mff922668e03c01a5_1498044228387_0
soil devastation [sɔɪl ˌde.və.ˈsteɪʃ.ən] [noun, uncountable]
soil devastation [sɔɪl ˌde.və.ˈsteɪʃ.ən] [noun, uncountable]

dewastacja gleby

mff922668e03c01a5_1498044321714_0
soil erosion [sɔɪl ɪ.ˈrəʊʒ.ən] [noun, uncountable]
soil erosion [sɔɪl ɪ.ˈrəʊʒ.ən] [noun, uncountable]

erozja gleby

mff922668e03c01a5_1498044444545_0
soil fatigue [sɔɪl fə.ˈtiːɡ] [noun, uncountable]
soil fatigue [sɔɪl fə.ˈtiːɡ] [noun, uncountable]

zmęczenie gleby

mff922668e03c01a5_1498044520519_0
soil fertility [sɔɪl fə.ˈtɪ.lɪ.ti] [noun, uncountable]
soil fertility [sɔɪl fə.ˈtɪ.lɪ.ti] [noun, uncountable]

żyzność gleby

mff922668e03c01a5_1498044615603_0
soil pollution [sɔɪl pə.ˈluːʃ.ən] [noun, uncountable]
soil pollution [sɔɪl pə.ˈluːʃ.ən] [noun, uncountable]

zanieczyszczenie gleby

steam [stiːm] [noun, uncountable]
steam [stiːm] [noun, uncountable]

para wodna

sulfur dioxide [ˈsəl.fə daɪ.ˈɒk.saɪd] [noun, countable]
sulfur dioxide [ˈsəl.fə daɪ.ˈɒk.saɪd] [noun, countable]

dwutelenek siarki

sulphuric acid [sʌl.ˈfjʊ.rɪk ˈæ.sɪd] [noun, countable]
sulphuric acid [sʌl.ˈfjʊ.rɪk ˈæ.sɪd] [noun, countable]

kwas siarkowy

surface emission [ˈsɜː.fɪs ɪ.ˈmɪʃ.ən] [noun, uncountable]
surface emission [ˈsɜː.fɪs ɪ.ˈmɪʃ.ən] [noun, uncountable]

emisja powierzchniowa

surface water abstraction [ˈsɜː.fɪs ˈwɔː.tə æb.ˈstræk.ʃən] [noun, uncountable]
surface water abstraction [ˈsɜː.fɪs ˈwɔː.tə æb.ˈstræk.ʃən] [noun, uncountable]

pobór wód powierzchniowych

underground water abstraction [ˈʌn.də.ɡraʊnd ˈwɔː.tə æb.ˈstræk.ʃən] [noun, uncountable]
underground water abstraction [ˈʌn.də.ɡraʊnd ˈwɔː.tə æb.ˈstræk.ʃən] [noun, uncountable]

pobór wód podziemnych

usable capacity [ˈjuː.zəb.əl kə.ˈpæ.sɪ.ti] [noun, uncountable]
usable capacity [ˈjuː.zəb.əl kə.ˈpæ.sɪ.ti] [noun, uncountable]

pojemność użytkowa

vegetation [ˌve.dʒɪ.ˈteɪʃ.ən] [noun, uncountable]
vegetation [ˌve.dʒɪ.ˈteɪʃ.ən] [noun, uncountable]

szata roślinna

volatile compound [ˈvɒ.lə.taɪl kəm.ˈpaʊnd] [noun, countable]
volatile compound [ˈvɒ.lə.taɪl kəm.ˈpaʊnd] [noun, countable]

związek lotny

volcano [vɒlˈk.eɪ.nəʊ] [noun, countable]
volcano [vɒlˈk.eɪ.nəʊ] [noun, countable]

wulkan

water canal [ˈwɔː.tə kə.ˈnæl] [noun, countable]
water canal [ˈwɔː.tə kə.ˈnæl] [noun, countable]

kanał wodny

water equipment [ˈwɔː.tər ɪ.ˈkwɪp.mənt] [noun, uncountable]
water equipment [ˈwɔː.tər ɪ.ˈkwɪp.mənt] [noun, uncountable]

urządzenie wodne

Water Framework Directive [ˈwɔː.tə ˈfreɪm.wɜːk dɪ.ˈrek.tɪv] [phrase]
Water Framework Directive [ˈwɔː.tə ˈfreɪm.wɜːk dɪ.ˈrek.tɪv] [phrase]

Ramowa Dyrektywa Wodna

water intake [ˈwɔː.tər ˈɪn.teɪk] [noun, uncountable]
water intake [ˈwɔː.tər ˈɪn.teɪk] [noun, uncountable]

ujęcie wodne

water management [ˈwɔː.tə ˈmæ.nɪdʒ.mənt] [noun, uncountable]
water management [ˈwɔː.tə ˈmæ.nɪdʒ.mənt] [noun, uncountable]

gospodarowanie wodą

water register [ˈwɔː.tə ˈre.dʒɪ.stə] [noun, countable]
water register [ˈwɔː.tə ˈre.dʒɪ.stə] [noun, countable]

kataster wodny

water treatment [ˈwɔː.tə ˈtriːt.mənt] [noun, uncountable]
water treatment [ˈwɔː.tə ˈtriːt.mənt] [noun, uncountable]

uzdatnianie wody

water‑law permit [ˈwɔː.tə lɔː pə.ˈmɪt] [noun, countable]
water‑law permit [ˈwɔː.tə lɔː pə.ˈmɪt] [noun, countable]

pozwolenie wodnoprawne

well [wel] [noun, countable]
well [wel] [noun, countable]

studnia