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E-resource GEOLOGY

Źródło: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.

Drilling holes

1. Film in the standard version.

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The film takes place in an office of design and construction. A geologist and a driller plan the commissioned works and geological works. After the work is done, they comment on the drilled non-bearing soils developed in the form of lignite. Film rozgrywa się w biurze projektowym. Geolog i wiertnik planują zlecone prace i roboty geologiczne. Po wykonaniu zadania komentują wspólnie nawiercone grunty nienośne wykształcone w postaci węgli brunatnych.

2. Film with subtitles.

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The film takes place in an office of design and construction. A geologist and a driller plan the commissioned works and geological works. After the work is done, they comment on the drilled non-bearing soils developed in the form of lignite. Film rozgrywa się w biurze projektowym. Geolog i wiertnik planują zlecone prace i roboty geologiczne. Po wykonaniu zadania komentują wspólnie nawiercone grunty nienośne wykształcone w postaci węgli brunatnych.
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3. Film with subtitles and pauses. Listen and repeat after the speaker.

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The film takes place in an office of design and construction. A geologist and a driller plan the commissioned works and geological works. After the work is done, they comment on the drilled non-bearing soils developed in the form of lignite. Film rozgrywa się w biurze projektowym. Geolog i wiertnik planują zlecone prace i roboty geologiczne. Po wykonaniu zadania komentują wspólnie nawiercone grunty nienośne wykształcone w postaci węgli brunatnych.
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4. Film with subtitles and narration.

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The film takes place in an office of design and construction. A geologist and a driller plan the commissioned works and geological works. After the work is done, they comment on the drilled non-bearing soils developed in the form of lignite. Film rozgrywa się w biurze projektowym. Geolog i wiertnik planują zlecone prace i roboty geologiczne. Po wykonaniu zadania komentują wspólnie nawiercone grunty nienośne wykształcone w postaci węgli brunatnych.
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classicmobile
Exercise 1
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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classicmobile
Exercise 2
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Classification of rocks and their uses

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The animation presents different types of rocks, their genesis and uses in the construction industry. Materiał prezentuje różne rodzaje skał, ich genezę, zastosowanie w przemyśle budowlanym.
classicmobile
Exercise 3
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Stages of the creation of geological maps

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The animation presents methods of gathering information in the field and methods of transferring it onto maps. Animacja przedstawia sposób zbierania informacji w terenie oraz przenoszenia ich na mapę.
classicmobile
Exercise 4
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Identifying minerals

The hypertext material is a conversation between a mineralogist and a photographer. Its topic is the way of identifying minerals. The mineralogist talks about physical features of minerals: their hardness, color, streak and lustre. The conversation takes place in a mineralogical museum.

Hipertekst stanowi rozmowę mineraloga z panią fotograf. Jej tematem jest sposób rozpoznawania minerałów. Mineralog opowiada o cechach fizycznych: twardości, barwie, rysie, połysku. Rozmowa odbywa się w muzeum mineralogicznym.

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Photographer: Good morning, mister Christopher.

Mineralogist: Hello, miss. The minerals are ready, just as you asked.

Photographer: They’re beautiful. Please, tell me how you distinguish them. I’d like to write about it in the guide.

Mineralogist: Minerals have physical properties, such as hardness determined by the Mohs scalem2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497279637332_0Mohs scale, where talcm2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497279718401_0talc is the softest, and diamondm2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497279733582_0diamond the hardest.

Photographer: This one has a beautiful green color.

Mineralogist: That’s malachitem2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497279738479_0malachite. It also has a green streakm2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497279743621_0streak.

Photographer: And what about the mineral grouping over here?

Mineralogist: That’s a drusem2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497279748379_0druse of purple amethystm2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497279753543_0amethyst crystals, of the quartzm2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497279762480_0quartz variety.

Photographer: Quartz is a very common mineral, commonly known as the mountain crystal. Is every mineral a crystalm2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497279767416_0crystal?

Mineralogist: No, this term is reserved for well‑formed minerals with wallsm2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497279772536_0walls, edgesm2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497279782995_0edges, and topsm2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497279777622_0tops.

Photographer: Some minerals are more shiny, others less.

Mineralogist: That’s their next feature - lustre. It depends on the degree to which light is reflected by the surface of the crystal.

Photographer: I’ve heard that some minerals have unique properties.

Mineralogist: Yes, magnetitem2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497279787842_0magnetite has magnetic properties, sulphurm2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497279793098_0sulphur is flammable, and halitem2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497279799633_0halite has a salty taste.

Photographer: Is halite our table salt?

Mineralogist: Yes, it is. Minerals are everywhere.

classicmobile
Exercise 5
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Ordering fossils based on their occurence in geological eras

The hypertext material is a conversation between a guide of a museum of Earth history and the museum’s visitors. Its topic is the occurrence of various index fossilsm2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497292330786_0index fossils in particular geological eras.

Hipertekst stanowi dialog przewodnika ze zwiedzającymi muzeum historii Ziemi. Jego tematem jest opis występowania skamieniałości przewodnich w poszczególnych erach geologicznych.

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Guide: Welcome to the Museum of Earth History. My name is John and I’ll be your guide today.

Visitors: There are a lot of specimens here.

Guide: The exhibition includes more than three thousand exhibits. On the right, you can see a model showing the living conditions on Earth in particular geological periods.

Visitors: When was life created on Earth?

Guide: The origins of life date back to 3.8 billion years ago. In the Cambrian periodm2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497292341857_0Cambrian period, about 541 million years ago, the so‑called explosion of living things took place.

Visitors: Which animals were the most common then?

Guide: Representatives of the Paleozoic eram2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497292338305_0Paleozoic era, which constituted trilobitesm2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497292326285_0trilobites. Most of them were benthic organismsm2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497292312053_0benthic organisms.

Visitors: How big were they?

Guide: From showcase no. 2, all our visitors are greeted by our largest specimen, trilobite Henry which measures over 70cm. It consists of a cephalon, thorax, and a pygidium.

Visitors: When did the trilobites die out?

Guide: The greatest extinction in the history of life on Earth occurred at the end of the Paleozoic era. It also affected the trilobites. Now, I present to you the heroes of the Mesozoicm2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497292307534_0Mesozoiceram2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497292307534_0era, which began around 252 million years ago.

Visitors: Those are dinosaurs and the first mammals.

Guide: Yes, as well as the ammonitesm2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497292302003_0ammonites, which evolved in warm seas. Do you have any more questions?

Visitors: How were the ammonites built?

Guide: Their shell, usually spirally twisted, was made of aragonitem2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497292294450_0aragonite. It was divided into a residential part, and a gas‑filled phragmoconem2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497292283746_0phragmocone.

Visitors: When did birds appear on Earth?

Guide: In the next era. Only later did the evolution of man take place, in the Cenozoic eram2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497292278430_0Cenozoic era. It began about 66 million years ago and continues to this day.

Visitors: What's in the next room?

Guide: Dinosaur skeletons. You can see them until 5 PM. In the meantime, let me thank you for your attention.

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classicmobile
Exercise 6
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Defining the subject of a public procurement for a publication on the development of Earth's crust

The hypertext material is a description of a procurement for a popular science publication which should focus on the development of Earth’s crust.

Hipertekst przedstawia opis zamówienia na publikację popularnonaukową, która ma dotyczyć rozwoju skorupy ziemskiej.

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The editors of the popular science magazine „Earth” announce a competition for the preparation of a scientific publication on the development of Earth's crust.

The content of the commissioned texts needs to include information on:

● the formation of cratonsm2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497302764422_0cratons, as the initial form of the continents,
● the boundaries of Earth's crustm2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497302754287_0Earth's crust, external - in the form of the atmospherem2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497302748645_0atmosphere and hydrospherem2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497302736917_0hydrosphere, and internal - developed as Earth’s mantlem2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497302733680_0Earth’s mantle,
weatheringm2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497302728712_0weathering processes,
● the composition of the continental crustm2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497302618223_0continental crust, which includes silicon, clay, iron, calcium, magnesium and potassium compounds,
paleocontinentsm2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497302614191_0paleocontinents: Gondwanam2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497302609415_0Gondwana and Rodiniam2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497302603612_0Rodinia.

The material must be prepared within two months from the date of signing the contract.

The contractor will provide a person with at least 5 years of experience as a lecturer, or as a researcher in the field of dynamic geologym2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497302598187_0dynamic geology and geochemistrym2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497302589553_0geochemistry.

The Contractor must attach an initial outline of the work, two pages long, in the A4 format, to the offer.

The evaluation criterion will be price and project evaluation, each constituting 50% of the evaluation.

Offers should be submitted in person, or via e‑mail at editorialboard@editorialboard.eu until March 31 this year.

classicmobile
Exercise 7
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Gallery

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Memory

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Play the game. Zagraj w grę.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Dictionary

aerial photo [ˈeə.ri.əl ˈfəʊ.təʊ] [noun, countable]
aerial photo [ˈeə.ri.əl ˈfəʊ.təʊ] [noun, countable]

zdjęcie lotnicze

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amethyst [ˈæm.ə.θɪst][noun, countable]
amethyst [ˈæm.ə.θɪst][noun, countable]

ametyst

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497305028963_0
ammonite [ˈæm.ə.naɪt][noun, countable]
ammonite [ˈæm.ə.naɪt][noun, countable]

amonit

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497335091175_0
anthropopressure [æn.θrɒ.pɒˈpre.ʃə] [noun, uncountable]
anthropopressure [æn.θrɒ.pɒˈpre.ʃə] [noun, uncountable]

antropopresja

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497335096649_0
aragonite [əˈræɡ.ənaɪt][noun, countable]
aragonite [əˈræɡ.ənaɪt][noun, countable]

aragonit

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497335101839_0
atmosphere [ˈæt.mə.sfɪər][noun, uncountable]
atmosphere [ˈæt.mə.sfɪər][noun, uncountable]

atmosfera

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497336395332_0
basalt [ˈbæs.ɒlt][noun, countable]
basalt [ˈbæs.ɒlt][noun, countable]

bazalt

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497336402048_0
benthic organism [ˈbenθɪk ˈɔː.ɡə.nɪ.zəm][noun, countable]
benthic organism [ˈbenθɪk ˈɔː.ɡə.nɪ.zəm][noun, countable]

organizm bentoniczny

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497336417468_0
building settling [ˈbɪl.dɪŋ ˈsɛt.lɪŋ] [noun, uncountable]
building settling [ˈbɪl.dɪŋ ˈsɛt.lɪŋ] [noun, uncountable]

osiadanie budynku

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497336426296_0
Cambrian period [ˈkæm.bri.ən ˈpɪə.rɪ.əd] [noun, uncountable]
Cambrian period [ˈkæm.bri.ən ˈpɪə.rɪ.əd] [noun, uncountable]

kambr

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1497336435646_0
cartographer [kɑːˈtɒɡ.rə.fər][noun, countable]
cartographer [kɑːˈtɒɡ.rə.fər][noun, countable]

kartograf

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Cenozoic era [ˌsi.nəˈzɔɪk ˈɪə.rə][noun, uncountable]
Cenozoic era [ˌsi.nəˈzɔɪk ˈɪə.rə][noun, uncountable]

kenozoik

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498034118450_0
cephalon [ˈse.fə.ˌlɑːn] [noun, countable]
cephalon [ˈse.fə.ˌlɑːn] [noun, countable]

tarcza głowowa

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498034373932_0
coarse sand [kɔːs sænd] [noun, countable]
coarse sand [kɔːs sænd] [noun, countable]

piasek gruboziarnisty

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continental crust [ˌkɒn.tɪˈnen.təl krʌst] [noun, uncountable]
continental crust [ˌkɒn.tɪˈnen.təl krʌst] [noun, uncountable]

skorupa kontynentalna

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craton [ˈkræ.tən] [noun, countable]
craton [ˈkræ.tən] [noun, countable]

kraton

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crystal [ˈkrɪs.təl] [noun, countable]
crystal [ˈkrɪs.təl] [noun, countable]

kryształ

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crystalline druse [ˈkrɪ.stə.laɪn ˈdruːz] [noun, countable]
crystalline druse [ˈkrɪ.stə.laɪn ˈdruːz] [noun, countable]

szczotka krystaliczna

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deep foundation [diːp faʊnˈdeɪ.ʃən] [noun, uncountable]
deep foundation [diːp faʊnˈdeɪ.ʃən] [noun, uncountable]

posadowienie pośrednie

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diamond [ˈdaɪə.mənd] [noun, countable]
diamond [ˈdaɪə.mənd] [noun, countable]

diament

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dip [dɪp] [noun, uncountable]
dip [dɪp] [noun, uncountable]

upad

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498037463889_0
direction of the world [daɪˈrek.ʃən əv ðə wɜːld] [phrase]
direction of the world [daɪˈrek.ʃən əv ðə wɜːld] [phrase]

kierunek świata

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498037585993_0
druse [druːz] [noun, countable]
druse [druːz] [noun, countable]

szczotka

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dynamic geology [daɪˈnæm.ɪk dʒiˈɒl.ə.dʒi] [noun, uncountable]
dynamic geology [daɪˈnæm.ɪk dʒiˈɒl.ə.dʒi] [noun, uncountable]

geologia dynamiczna

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498038180171_0
Earth's crust [ɜːθs krʌst] [noun, uncountable]
Earth's crust [ɜːθs krʌst] [noun, uncountable]

skorupa ziemska

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498038357148_0
Earth's mantle [ˈɜːθs ˈmæn.təl] [noun, uncountable]
Earth's mantle [ˈɜːθs ˈmæn.təl] [noun, uncountable]

płaszcz Ziemi

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498038512559_0
edge [edʒ] [noun, countable]
edge [edʒ] [noun, countable]

krawędź

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498038693826_0
fine‑grained sand [faɪn‑ɡreɪnd sænd] [noun, countable]
fine‑grained sand [faɪn‑ɡreɪnd sænd] [noun, countable]

piasek drobnoziarnisty

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498038800708_0
gabbro [ˈɡæ.brəʊ] [noun, countable]
gabbro [ˈɡæ.brəʊ] [noun, countable]

gabro

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498038885595_0
geochemistry [ˌdʒioˈk.e.mə.stri] [noun, uncountable]
geochemistry [ˌdʒioˈk.e.mə.stri] [noun, uncountable]

geochemia

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498038979273_0
geological process [ˌdʒi.əˈlɒdʒ.ɪ.kəl ˈprəʊ.ses][noun, countable]
geological process [ˌdʒi.əˈlɒdʒ.ɪ.kəl ˈprəʊ.ses][noun, countable]

proces geologiczny

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geological profile [ˌdʒi.əˈlɒdʒ.ɪ.kəl ˈprəʊ.faɪl] [noun, countable]
geological profile [ˌdʒi.əˈlɒdʒ.ɪ.kəl ˈprəʊ.faɪl] [noun, countable]

profil geologiczny

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Gondwana [ɡɒnd'wæ.nə][noun, uncountable]
Gondwana [ɡɒnd'wæ.nə][noun, uncountable]

Gondwana

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granite [ˈɡræn.ɪt] [noun, countable]
granite [ˈɡræn.ɪt] [noun, countable]

granit

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498039080933_0
groundwater table [ˈɡraʊn.dwɔː.tə ˈteɪb.əl] [noun, uncountable]
groundwater table [ˈɡraʊn.dwɔː.tə ˈteɪb.əl] [noun, uncountable]

zwierciadło wody gruntowej

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498039521057_0
halite [ˈhæ.laɪt] [noun, countable]
halite [ˈhæ.laɪt] [noun, countable]

halit

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holocrystalline structure [ˈhɒloʊˈkrɪ.stə.laɪn ˈstrʌk.tʃə] [noun, countable]
holocrystalline structure [ˈhɒloʊˈkrɪ.stə.laɪn ˈstrʌk.tʃə] [noun, countable]

struktura holokrystaliczna

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hydrosphere [ˈhaɪ.drəʊ.sfɪər] [noun, uncountable]
hydrosphere [ˈhaɪ.drəʊ.sfɪər] [noun, uncountable]

hydrosfera

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498039541251_0
index fossil [ˈɪn.deks ˈfɒs.əl] [noun, countable]
index fossil [ˈɪn.deks ˈfɒs.əl] [noun, countable]

skamieniałość przewodnia

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498039546364_0
landslide [ˈlænd.slaɪd][noun, countable]
landslide [ˈlænd.slaɪd][noun, countable]

osuwisko

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498039552067_0
latitude [ˈlæt.ɪ.tʃuːd] [noun, countable]
latitude [ˈlæt.ɪ.tʃuːd] [noun, countable]

szerokość geograficzna

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498039557316_0
legend [ˈledʒ.ənd] [noun, countable]
legend [ˈledʒ.ənd] [noun, countable]

legenda

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light probe [laɪt prəʊb] [noun, countable]
light probe [laɪt prəʊb] [noun, countable]

sonda lekka

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498039568306_0
lignite [ˈlɪɡ.naɪt] [noun, countable]
lignite [ˈlɪɡ.naɪt] [noun, countable]

węgiel brunatny

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limestone [ˈlaɪm.stəʊn] [noun, countable]
limestone [ˈlaɪm.stəʊn] [noun, countable]

wapień

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498039581371_0
longitude [ˈlɒŋ.ɡɪ.tʃuːd] [noun, countable]
longitude [ˈlɒŋ.ɡɪ.tʃuːd] [noun, countable]

długość geograficzna

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498039587604_0
magnetite [ˈmæɡ.nə.ˌtaɪt] [noun, countable]
magnetite [ˈmæɡ.nə.ˌtaɪt] [noun, countable]

magnetyt

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498039593364_0
malachite [ˈmæl.ə.kaɪt] [noun, countable]
malachite [ˈmæl.ə.kaɪt] [noun, countable]

malachit

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498040509505_0
marble [ˈmɑː.bəl] [noun, countable]
marble [ˈmɑː.bəl] [noun, countable]

marmur

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Mesozoic era [ˌme.səˈzɔɪk ˈɪə.rə] [noun, uncountable]
Mesozoic era [ˌme.səˈzɔɪk ˈɪə.rə] [noun, uncountable]

era mezozoiczna

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metamorphic rock [ˌmet.əˈmɔː.fɪk rɒk] [noun, countable]
metamorphic rock [ˌmet.əˈmɔː.fɪk rɒk] [noun, countable]

skała metamorficzna

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Mohs scale [moʊz skeɪl][noun, uncountable]
Mohs scale [moʊz skeɪl][noun, uncountable]

skala Mohsa

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non‑bearing soil [ˌnɒn‑ˈbeə.rɪŋ sɔɪl] [noun, countable]
non‑bearing soil [ˌnɒn‑ˈbeə.rɪŋ sɔɪl] [noun, countable]

grunt nienośny

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organogenic rock [ˈɔː.ɡənəʊdʒiːnɪk rɒk] [noun, countable]
organogenic rock [ˈɔː.ɡənəʊdʒiːnɪk rɒk] [noun, countable]

skała organogeniczna

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paleocontinent [pe.liəˈkɒn.tɪ.nənt][noun, countable]
paleocontinent [pe.liəˈkɒn.tɪ.nənt][noun, countable]

paleokontynent

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Paleozoic era [ˌpe.liəˈzɔɪk ˈɪə.rə] [noun, uncountable]
Paleozoic era [ˌpe.liəˈzɔɪk ˈɪə.rə] [noun, uncountable]

era paleozoiczna

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phragmocone [ˈfræɡməfəʊn] [noun, countable]
phragmocone [ˈfræɡməfəʊn] [noun, countable]

fragmokon

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plutonic rock [pluː.ˈtɑː.nɪk rɒk] [noun, countable]
plutonic rock [pluː.ˈtɑː.nɪk rɒk] [noun, countable]

skała plutoniczna

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498040607582_0
probing [ˈprəʊ.bɪŋ] [noun, uncountable]
probing [ˈprəʊ.bɪŋ] [noun, uncountable]

sondowanie

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pygidium [paɪˈdʒiː.dɪəm][noun, countable]
pygidium [paɪˈdʒiː.dɪəm][noun, countable]

tarcza ogonowa

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quartz [ˈkwɔːts] [noun, countable]
quartz [ˈkwɔːts] [noun, countable]

kwarc

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498042080979_0
residual rock [rɪˈzɪdʒ.u.əl rɒk] [noun, countable]
residual rock [rɪˈzɪdʒ.u.əl rɒk] [noun, countable]

skała rezydualna

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498042156953_0
rhyolite [raɪ.əʊ'laɪt] [noun, countable]
rhyolite [raɪ.əʊ'laɪt] [noun, countable]

riolit

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498042241224_0
Rodinia [roʊˈdɪn.ɪə] [noun, uncountable]
Rodinia [roʊˈdɪn.ɪə] [noun, uncountable]

Rodinia

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sandstone [ˈsænd.stəʊn] [noun, countable]
sandstone [ˈsænd.stəʊn] [noun, countable]

piaskowiec

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498042504819_0
sandy gravel [ˈsæn.dɪ ˈɡræv.əl] [noun, uncountable]
sandy gravel [ˈsæn.dɪ ˈɡræv.əl] [noun, uncountable]

pospółka

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498042628782_0
satellite image [ˈsæt.əl.aɪt ˈɪm.ɪdʒ] [noun, countable]
satellite image [ˈsæt.əl.aɪt ˈɪm.ɪdʒ] [noun, countable]

zdjęcie satelitarne

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scale [skeɪl] [noun, countable]
scale [skeɪl] [noun, countable]

skala

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sedimentary rock [ˌsed.ɪˈmen.tər.i rɒk][noun, countable]
sedimentary rock [ˌsed.ɪˈmen.tər.i rɒk][noun, countable]

skała osadowa

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sedimentation [ˌsed.ɪ.menˈteɪ.ʃən][noun, uncountable]
sedimentation [ˌsed.ɪ.menˈteɪ.ʃən][noun, uncountable]

sedymentacja

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498042924027_0
SGE electro‑resistance geoelectric probing [əs.dʒiː.iː ə.ˈlek.trəʊ‑rɪ.ˈzɪ.stəns ˈdʒiːəʊ.ɪ.ˈlek.trɪk ˈprəʊb.ɪŋ] [phrase]
SGE electro‑resistance geoelectric probing [əs.dʒiː.iː ə.ˈlek.trəʊ‑rɪ.ˈzɪ.stəns ˈdʒiːəʊ.ɪ.ˈlek.trɪk ˈprəʊb.ɪŋ] [phrase]

sondowania geoelektryczne elektrooporowe SGE

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498043061155_0
signature mark [ˈsɪɡ.nə.tʃər mɑːk][noun, countable]
signature mark [ˈsɪɡ.nə.tʃər mɑːk][noun, countable]

szrafura

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stratigraphy [strə.ˈtɪ.ɡrə.fɪ] [noun, uncountable]
stratigraphy [strə.ˈtɪ.ɡrə.fɪ] [noun, uncountable]

stratygrafia

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streak [striːk] [noun, uncountable]
streak [striːk] [noun, uncountable]

rysa

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498043300645_0
strike [straɪk] [noun, uncountable]
strike [straɪk] [noun, uncountable]

bieg

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498043409736_0
sulphur [ˈsʌl.fər] [noun, countable]
sulphur [ˈsʌl.fər] [noun, countable]

siarka

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talc [ˈtæl.k] [noun, countable]
talc [ˈtæl.k] [noun, countable]

talk

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terrain ordinate [te.ˈreɪn ˈɔː.dɪ.nət] [noun, countable]
terrain ordinate [te.ˈreɪn ˈɔː.dɪ.nət] [noun, countable]

terrain ordinate

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498043680924_0
thorax [ˈθɔː.ræks] [noun, countable]
thorax [ˈθɔː.ræks] [noun, countable]

tułów

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top [tɒp] [noun, countable]
top [tɒp] [noun, countable]

wierzchołek

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498043835111_0
trilobite [ˈtraɪ.lə.baɪt] [noun, countable]
trilobite [ˈtraɪ.lə.baɪt] [noun, countable]

trylobit

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498043966189_0
vent whistle [vent ˈwɪs.əl][noun, countable]
vent whistle [vent ˈwɪs.əl][noun, countable]

gwizdek hydrogeologiczny

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498044035250_0
wall [wɔːl] [noun, countable]
wall [wɔːl] [noun, countable]

ściana

m2dd36574f7a71c1b_1498044089219_0
weathering [ˈweð.ər.ɪŋ] [noun, uncountable]
weathering [ˈweð.ər.ɪŋ] [noun, uncountable]

wietrzenie

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