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E-resource GEOLOGY

Źródło: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.

Macroscopic analysis of loose soils

1. Film in the standard version.

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A training session of a new employee takes place in a geological office. A senior employee provides the new employee with the instructions for conducting a macroscopic recognition of soil. The conversation concerns the types of soil, their color, humidity and calcium carbonate content. W biurze geologicznym odbywa się szkolenie nowego pracownika. Instrukcji na temat rozpoznawania makroskopowego gruntów udziela starszy pracownik. Rozmowa dotyczy rodzaju gruntów, ich barwy, wilgotności i zawartości węglanu wapnia.

2. Film with subtitles.

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A training session of a new employee takes place in a geological office. A senior employee provides the new employee with the instructions for conducting a macroscopic recognition of soil. The conversation concerns the types of soil, their color, humidity and calcium carbonate content. W biurze geologicznym odbywa się szkolenie nowego pracownika. Instrukcji na temat rozpoznawania makroskopowego gruntów udziela starszy pracownik. Rozmowa dotyczy rodzaju gruntów, ich barwy, wilgotności i zawartości węglanu wapnia.
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3. Film with subtitles and pauses. Listen and repeat after the speaker.

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A training session of a new employee takes place in a geological office. A senior employee provides the new employee with the instructions for conducting a macroscopic recognition of soil. The conversation concerns the types of soil, their color, humidity and calcium carbonate content. W biurze geologicznym odbywa się szkolenie nowego pracownika. Instrukcji na temat rozpoznawania makroskopowego gruntów udziela starszy pracownik. Rozmowa dotyczy rodzaju gruntów, ich barwy, wilgotności i zawartości węglanu wapnia.
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4. Film with subtitles and narration.

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A training session of a new employee takes place in a geological office. A senior employee provides the new employee with the instructions for conducting a macroscopic recognition of soil. The conversation concerns the types of soil, their color, humidity and calcium carbonate content. W biurze geologicznym odbywa się szkolenie nowego pracownika. Instrukcji na temat rozpoznawania makroskopowego gruntów udziela starszy pracownik. Rozmowa dotyczy rodzaju gruntów, ich barwy, wilgotności i zawartości węglanu wapnia.
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classicmobile
Exercise 1
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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classicmobile
Exercise 2
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Cohesive soil tests

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The animation discusses cohesive soils and the method of their recognition based on a soil plasticity table. W animacji omówione zostały grunty spoiste oraz metoda rozpoznawania ich na podstawie tabeli spoistości gleb.
classicmobile
Exercise 3
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Physical and mechanical properties of geological samples

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The animation presents soil properties: bulk density, porosity, humidity, compressive strength and compressibility. W animacji przedstawione zostały właściwości gruntów: gęstość, porowatość, wilgotność, wytrzymałość na ściskanie, ściśliwość.
classicmobile
Exercise 4
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Operating instructions of a petrographic microscope and the preparation of thin sections for testing

The hypertext material presents a fragment of operating instructions for a petrographic microscope and the preparation of thin sections for testing.

Hipertekst przedstawia fragment instrukcji mikroskopu polaryzacyjnego i instrukcję przygotowania próbek płytek‑szlifów do badań.

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Operating instructions of a petrographic microscopem6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497279637332_0petrographic microscope and the preparation of thin sectionsm6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497279718401_0sections for testing

Attention: The device is designed for use by specialized and trained personnel only.

A petrographic microscope is used for tests on thin sections of minerals and rocks.

A petrographic microscope consists of a basem6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497279733582_0base, a standm6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497279738479_0stand and a lens tubem6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497279743621_0lens tube, which is a metal tube ended with an ocularm6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497279748379_0ocular. The section is placed on a rotating stage. The polarizerm6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497279753543_0polarizer and the illuminating system are located under the stage. Thanks to that, we obtain polarized light: through theNicol prismm6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497279762480_0Nicol prism from calcite or synthetic polaroids. The lens tube also holds the analyzerm6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497279767416_0analyzer. The analyzer is mobile and can be placed on the path of the light ray. When we use the polarizer, we can determine the refractive index of crystals. In colored anisotropic crystalsm6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497279772536_0anisotropic crystals, we can observe pleochroismm6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497279777622_0pleochroism, in other words different colors of the crystals in their various positions.

Safety measures: Transporting the device may result in dropping the section. Remove the section before transporting the microscope. The microscope is a precision device. Avoid hitting and shaking it.

Making the preparation on a thin sectionm6d1059f6e919a6cc_1533627810349_0thin section

We have to cut a small piece of rock and ground it smooth until it is about 0.03mm thick. The section should then be glued to a glass tile. Preparations for mineralogical tests can be single‑side ground. When making grain preparationsm6d1059f6e919a6cc_1533627815484_0grain preparations, we need to remember to dry them in a temperature of 30‑40 °C. The samples are placed on an aluminum tilem6d1059f6e919a6cc_1533627980937_0aluminum tile on a carbon adhesivem6d1059f6e919a6cc_1533636227725_0carbon adhesive.

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classicmobile
Exercise 5
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Carrying out a sieve analysis

The hypertext material presents an offer of a geological laboratory regarding the possibility of performing a sieve analysis.

Hipertekst przedstawia ofertę laboratorium geologicznego dotyczącą możliwości wykonania analizy sitowej.

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Offer of the Geo‑Tech geological laboratory, based in Lodz

We encourage you to use our services in the field of laboratory testing. We have eleven years of experience in the industry, and we have completed nearly 9.000 sieve analysesm6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497292341857_0sieve analyses last year.

We have a complete set of square mesh sievesm6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497292338305_0square mesh sieves and a shaking device. Before carrying out a granulometric analysism6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497292330786_0granulometric analysis, we drym6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497292326285_0dry and weighm6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497292312053_0weigh the sample you bring. Then, the soil sample passes through a set of sieves with smaller and smaller meshes from 25mm to 0.063mm. After the screening is done, we weigh the residue on each sieve. We record the mass of each fraction in a table and calculate the percentage of each fraction. In a separate column, we add the mass of a given fraction to the mass of all the previous ones. In the last column, we receive the so‑called cumulative value of the fractionm6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497292307534_0cumulative value of the fraction.

The result of the test is the presentation of a grain‑size distribution curvem6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497292302003_0grain‑size distribution curve, and the interpretation of a grain‑size distribution chartm6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497292294450_0grain‑size distribution chart made by our laboratory. At the end, we give the uniformity coefficientm6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497292283746_0uniformity coefficient and the filtration coefficientm6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497292278430_0filtration coefficient.

We invite you to make use of the high level of our services.

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classicmobile
Exercise 6
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Soil analysis: rolling

An experienced laboratory worker conducts a training session for a younger employee. The worker talks about the basic activities carried out when recognizing cohesive soils.

Doświadczony pracownik laboratorium prowadzi szkolenie dla młodszego stażem pracownika. Opowiada o podstawowych czynnościach przeprowadzanych przy rozpoznawaniu gruntów spoistych.

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Barbra: Ana, come over here, please. You'll help me determine types of cohesive soils based on rollingm6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497302764422_0rolling.

Ana: Alright, but you have to remind me how it's done.

Barbra: A small7mm diameter ballm6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497302754287_07mm diameter ball should be formed from a small piece of the sample. We put it on the palm of our hand and roll it with the other hand.

Ana: So it’s a bit like playing with plasticine, but it’s still a serious examination.

Barbra: When you get a 3mm diameter rollm6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497302748645_03mm diameter roll, you investigate it to see if it has any cracks. What else can you see?

Ana: The sample is ***matte,***m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497302736917_0***matte,*** without ***gloss.***m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497302733680_0***gloss.***

Barbra: That's right, let’s continue the rolling. Look, transverse cracksm6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497302728712_0transverse cracks appeared after the third time. It’s sandy silty claym6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497302618223_0sandy silty clay.

Ana: How do you know?

Barbra: There are no grains of sand in it. Hence, such a classification.

Ana: Why are cracks formed?

Barbra: The sample loses water on the palm of our hands. We cause it to evaporate.

Ana: The more clay fractions the sample contains, the longer it will be unbroken and ***plastic.***m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497302614191_0***plastic.***

Barbra: That's right. We’ll determine the plasticity indexm6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497302609415_0plasticity index on the basis of each test.

Ana: This is important information about the bearing capacity of the substrate for the architect.

Barbra: The degree of plasticity is a leading parameterm6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497302603612_0leading parameter and is necessary for the implementation of the geological engineering documentationm6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497302598187_0geological engineering documentation.

Ana: This roll ***breaks longitudinally.***m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497302589553_0***breaks longitudinally.*** There are many grains of sand in it.

Barbra: In that case, it’s loamy sandm6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497302944027_0loamy sand.

Ana: That's simple. I'm getting to work.

Barbra: We have 20 samples, but we'll finish quickly together.

classicmobile
Exercise 7
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Solve the exercise. Rozwiąż ćwiczenie.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Gallery

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Typos

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Play the game. Zagraj w grę.
Source: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa / Eduexpert Sp. z o.o., licencja: CC BY 3.0.
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Dictionary

3mm diameter roll [θriː ˈmɪ.lə.ˌmi.tə daɪ.ˈæ.mɪ.tə rəʊl] [phrase]
3mm diameter roll [θriː ˈmɪ.lə.ˌmi.tə daɪ.ˈæ.mɪ.tə rəʊl] [phrase]

wałeczek o średnicy 3 mm

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497305024756_0
7mm diamter ball [ˈsev.ən ˈmɪ.lə.ˌmi.tə daɪ.ˈæ.mɪ.tə bɔːl][phrase]
7mm diamter ball [ˈsev.ən ˈmɪ.lə.ˌmi.tə daɪ.ˈæ.mɪ.tə bɔːl][phrase]

kulka o średnicy 7 mm

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497305028963_0
air‑dry state [eə -raɪ steɪt ][noun, uncountable]
air‑dry state [eə -raɪ steɪt ][noun, uncountable]

stan powietrzno‑suchy

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497335091175_0
aluminum tile [ə.ˈluː.mɪ.nəm taɪl] [noun, countable]
aluminum tile [ə.ˈluː.mɪ.nəm taɪl] [noun, countable]

płytka aluminiowa

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497335096649_0
analyzer [ˈæ.nə.laɪ.zə][noun, countable]
analyzer [ˈæ.nə.laɪ.zə][noun, countable]

analizator

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497335101839_0
anisotropic crystal [æn.ˌaɪ.səʊ.ˈtrɒ.pɪk ˈkrɪ.stəl][noun, countable]
anisotropic crystal [æn.ˌaɪ.səʊ.ˈtrɒ.pɪk ˈkrɪ.stəl][noun, countable]

kryształy anizotropowe

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497336395332_0
base [beɪs][noun, countable]
base [beɪs][noun, countable]

podstawa

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497336402048_0
break longitudinally [breɪk ˌlɒn.ɡɪ.ˈtjuːd.ɪn.əl.i][phrase]
break longitudinally [breɪk ˌlɒn.ɡɪ.ˈtjuːd.ɪn.əl.i][phrase]

pękać podłużnie

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497336417468_0
bulk density [bʌlk ˈden.sɪ.ti] [noun, uncountable]
bulk density [bʌlk ˈden.sɪ.ti] [noun, uncountable]

gęstość objętościowa

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497336426296_0
calcium carbonate [ˈkæl.sɪəm ˈkɑː.bə.neɪt] [noun, countable]
calcium carbonate [ˈkæl.sɪəm ˈkɑː.bə.neɪt] [noun, countable]

węglan wapnia

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497336435646_0
carbon adhesive [ˈkɑː.bən əd.ˈhiː.sɪv][noun, countable]
carbon adhesive [ˈkɑː.bən əd.ˈhiː.sɪv][noun, countable]

przylepiec węglowy

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1497951440522_0
carbon dioxide [ˈkɑː.bən daɪ.ˈɒk.saɪd][noun, countable]
carbon dioxide [ˈkɑː.bən daɪ.ˈɒk.saɪd][noun, countable]

dwutlenek węgla

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498034118450_0
clay fraction [kleɪ ˈfræk.ʃən] [noun, countable]
clay fraction [kleɪ ˈfræk.ʃən] [noun, countable]

frakcja iłowa

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498034373932_0
coarse adjustment knob [kɔːs ə.ˈdʒʌst.mənt nɒb] [noun, countable]
coarse adjustment knob [kɔːs ə.ˈdʒʌst.mənt nɒb] [noun, countable]

śruba makrometryczna

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coarse soils [kɔːs sɔɪlz] [noun, countable]
coarse soils [kɔːs sɔɪlz] [noun, countable]

grunty gruboziarniste

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cohesive soils [kəʊ.ˈhiː.sɪv sɔɪlz] [noun, countable]
cohesive soils [kəʊ.ˈhiː.sɪv sɔɪlz] [noun, countable]

grunty spoiste

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498035725028_0
compressibility [kəmˈpre.sɪv streŋθ] [noun, uncountable]
compressibility [kəmˈpre.sɪv streŋθ] [noun, uncountable]

ściśliwość

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498035827118_0
compressive strength [kɔmpə'zɪʃən 'fɪlɪŋ] [noun, uncountable]
compressive strength [kɔmpə'zɪʃən 'fɪlɪŋ] [noun, uncountable]

wytrzymałość na ściskanie

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cumulative value of the fraction [ˈkjuː.mjʊ.lə.tɪv ˈvæ.ljuː əv ðə ˈfræk.ʃən] [phrase]
cumulative value of the fraction [ˈkjuː.mjʊ.lə.tɪv ˈvæ.ljuː əv ðə ˈfræk.ʃən] [phrase]

wartość skumulowana frakcji

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498036288086_0
density of solid particles [ˈden.sɪ.ti əv ˈsɒ.lɪd ˈpɑː.tɪk.əlz] [phrase]
density of solid particles [ˈden.sɪ.ti əv ˈsɒ.lɪd ˈpɑː.tɪk.əlz] [phrase]

gęstość właściwa gruntu

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dry [draɪ] [verb]
dry [draɪ] [verb]

suszyć

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498037463889_0
dry soils [draɪ sɔɪlz] [noun, countable]
dry soils [draɪ sɔɪlz] [noun, countable]

grunty suche

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498037585993_0
eyepiece [ˈaɪ.piːs] [noun, countable]
eyepiece [ˈaɪ.piːs] [noun, countable]

obiektyw

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498038179960_0
filtration coefficient [fɪl.ˈtreɪʃ.ən ˌkəʊɪ.ˈfɪʃnt] [noun, uncountable]
filtration coefficient [fɪl.ˈtreɪʃ.ən ˌkəʊɪ.ˈfɪʃnt] [noun, uncountable]

współczynnik filtracji

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498038180171_0
fine adjustment knob [faɪn ə.ˈdʒʌst.mənt nɒb] [noun, countable]
fine adjustment knob [faɪn ə.ˈdʒʌst.mənt nɒb] [noun, countable]

śruba mikrometryczna

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498038357148_0
fine‑grained soil [faɪn ɡreɪnd sɔɪl] [noun, countable]
fine‑grained soil [faɪn ɡreɪnd sɔɪl] [noun, countable]

grunty drobnoziarniste

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498038512559_0
fresh fracture [freʃ ˈfræk.tʃə] [noun, countable]
fresh fracture [freʃ ˈfræk.tʃə] [noun, countable]

świeży przełam

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498038693826_0
geological engineering documentation [ˌdʒɪə.ˈlɒ.dʒɪk.əl ˌen.dʒɪ.ˈnɪər.ɪŋ ˌdɒ.kjʊ.men.ˈteɪʃ.ən] [noun, uncountable]
geological engineering documentation [ˌdʒɪə.ˈlɒ.dʒɪk.əl ˌen.dʒɪ.ˈnɪər.ɪŋ ˌdɒ.kjʊ.men.ˈteɪʃ.ən] [noun, uncountable]

dokumentacja geologiczno‑inżynierska

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498038800708_0
gloss [ɡlɒs] [noun, uncountable]
gloss [ɡlɒs] [noun, uncountable]

połysk

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498038885595_0
grading curve [ˈɡreɪd.ɪŋ kɜːv] [noun, uncountable]
grading curve [ˈɡreɪd.ɪŋ kɜːv] [noun, uncountable]

krzywa uziarnienia

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498038979273_0
grain preparation [ɡreɪn ˌpre.pə.ˈreɪʃ.ən][noun, countable]
grain preparation [ɡreɪn ˌpre.pə.ˈreɪʃ.ən][noun, countable]

preparaty ziarnowe

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498039057621_0
grain [ɡreɪn] [noun, countable]
grain [ɡreɪn] [noun, countable]

ziarno

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498039065229_0
graining of the soil ['ɡreɪn.ɪŋ əv ðə sɔɪl][noun, uncountable]
graining of the soil ['ɡreɪn.ɪŋ əv ðə sɔɪl][noun, uncountable]

uziarnienie gruntu

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498039072609_0
grain‑size distribution chart [ɡreɪn‑saɪz ˌdɪ.strɪ.ˈbjuːʃ.ən tʃɑːt] [noun, countable]
grain‑size distribution chart [ɡreɪn‑saɪz ˌdɪ.strɪ.ˈbjuːʃ.ən tʃɑːt] [noun, countable]

wykres uziarnienia gruntu

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498039080933_0
granulometric analysis [ˈɡræ.njuːləˈme.trɪk ə.ˈnæ.lə.sɪs] [noun, countable]
granulometric analysis [ˈɡræ.njuːləˈme.trɪk ə.ˈnæ.lə.sɪs] [noun, countable]

analiza granulometryczna

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498039521057_0
humidity [hjuː.ˈmɪ.dɪ.ti] [noun, uncountable]
humidity [hjuː.ˈmɪ.dɪ.ti] [noun, uncountable]

wilgotność

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498039528624_0
hydrochloric acid [ˌhaɪ.drə.ˈklɒ.rɪk ˈæ.sɪd] [noun, countable]
hydrochloric acid [ˌhaɪ.drə.ˈklɒ.rɪk ˈæ.sɪd] [noun, countable]

kwas solny

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498039534495_0
irrigated soils [ˈɪ.rɪ.ɡeɪ.tɪd sɔɪlz] [noun, countable]
irrigated soils [ˈɪ.rɪ.ɡeɪ.tɪd sɔɪlz] [noun, countable]

grunty nawodnione

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498039541251_0
laboratory shaker [lə.ˈbɒ.rət.r̩i ˈʃeɪkə] [noun, countable]
laboratory shaker [lə.ˈbɒ.rət.r̩i ˈʃeɪkə] [noun, countable]

wstrząsarka laboratoryjna

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498039546364_0
lake origin [leɪk ˈɒr.ɪdʒ.ɪn][noun, countable]
lake origin [leɪk ˈɒr.ɪdʒ.ɪn][noun, countable]

geneza jeziorna

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498039552067_0
leading parameter [ˈliːd.ɪŋ pə.ˈræ.mɪ.tə] [noun, countable]
leading parameter [ˈliːd.ɪŋ pə.ˈræ.mɪ.tə] [noun, countable]

parametr wiodący

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498039557316_0
lens tube [lenz tjuːb] [noun, countable]
lens tube [lenz tjuːb] [noun, countable]

tubus

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498039563317_0
liquid consistency [ˈlɪ.kwɪd kən.ˈsɪ.stən.si] [noun, uncountable]
liquid consistency [ˈlɪ.kwɪd kən.ˈsɪ.stən.si] [noun, uncountable]

stan płynny

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498039568306_0
liquidity index [lɪ.ˈkwɪ.dɪ.ti ˈɪn.deks] [noun, countable]
liquidity index [lɪ.ˈkwɪ.dɪ.ti ˈɪn.deks] [noun, countable]

stopień plastyczności

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498039574437_0
loam fraction [ləʊm ˈfræk.ʃən] [noun, countable]
loam fraction [ləʊm ˈfræk.ʃən] [noun, countable]

frakcja iłowa

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498039581371_0
loamy sand [ˈləʊ.mi sænd] [noun, countable]
loamy sand [ˈləʊ.mi sænd] [noun, countable]

piasek gliniasty

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498039587604_0
longitudinal crack [ˌlɒn.ɡɪ.ˈtjuːd.ɪn.əl kræk] [noun, countable]
longitudinal crack [ˌlɒn.ɡɪ.ˈtjuːd.ɪn.əl kræk] [noun, countable]

spękania podłużne

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498039593364_0
lump [lʌmp] [noun, countable]
lump [lʌmp] [noun, countable]

bryłki

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498040509505_0
macroscopic [ˌmæ.krəʊ.ˈskɒ.pɪk] [adjective]
macroscopic [ˌmæ.krəʊ.ˈskɒ.pɪk] [adjective]

makroskopowo

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498040523491_0
macroscopic analysis [ˌmæ.krəʊ.ˈskɒ.pɪk ə.ˈnæ.lə.sɪs] [noun, countable]
macroscopic analysis [ˌmæ.krəʊ.ˈskɒ.pɪk ə.ˈnæ.lə.sɪs] [noun, countable]

analiza makroskopowa

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498040530465_0
macroscopically [macroscopica.li] [adjective]
macroscopically [macroscopica.li] [adjective]

makroskopowo

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498040550545_0
mass of solid particles [mæs əv ˈsɒ.lɪd ˈpɑː.tɪk.əlz][phrase]
mass of solid particles [mæs əv ˈsɒ.lɪd ˈpɑː.tɪk.əlz][phrase]

masa szkieletu gruntowego

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498040556839_0
matte [mæt] [adjective]
matte [mæt] [adjective]

matowy

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498040577306_0
mechanical properties of soil [mɪˈk.æ.nɪk.əl ˈprɒ.pə.tɪz əv sɔɪl] [phrase]
mechanical properties of soil [mɪˈk.æ.nɪk.əl ˈprɒ.pə.tɪz əv sɔɪl] [phrase]

własności mechaniczne gruntów

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498040584585_0
microsection [ˈmaɪk.rəʊˈsek.ʃən][noun, countable]
microsection [ˈmaɪk.rəʊˈsek.ʃən][noun, countable]

zgład

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498040592268_0
Nicol prism [ˈnɪkəl ˈprɪ.zəm] [noun, countable]
Nicol prism [ˈnɪkəl ˈprɪ.zəm] [noun, countable]

pryzmat Nicola

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498040597481_0
non‑cohesive soils [nɒn‑kəʊ.ˈhiː.sɪv sɔɪlz] [noun, countable]
non‑cohesive soils [nɒn‑kəʊ.ˈhiː.sɪv sɔɪlz] [noun, countable]

grunty niespoiste

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498040602617_0
objective lenses [əb.ˈdʒek.tɪv ˈlen.zɪz] [noun, countable]
objective lenses [əb.ˈdʒek.tɪv ˈlen.zɪz] [noun, countable]

rewolwer

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498040607582_0
ocular [ˈɒ.kjʊ.lə] [noun, countable]
ocular [ˈɒ.kjʊ.lə] [noun, countable]

okular

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498041942339_0
particle diameter [ˈpɑː.tɪk.əl daɪ.ˈæ.mɪ.tə][noun, countable]
particle diameter [ˈpɑː.tɪk.əl daɪ.ˈæ.mɪ.tə][noun, countable]

średnica cząsteczki

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498042010047_0
petrographic microscope [pe.trəˈɡræ.fɪk ˈmaɪk.rə.skəʊp] [noun, countable]
petrographic microscope [pe.trəˈɡræ.fɪk ˈmaɪk.rə.skəʊp] [noun, countable]

mikroskop polaryzacyjny

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498042080979_0
physical properties of the soil [ˈfɪ.zɪk.əl ˈprɒ.pə.tɪz əv ðə sɔɪl] [phrase]
physical properties of the soil [ˈfɪ.zɪk.əl ˈprɒ.pə.tɪz əv ðə sɔɪl] [phrase]

własności fizyczne gruntów

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498042156953_0
plastic [ˈplæ.stɪk] [adjective]
plastic [ˈplæ.stɪk] [adjective]

plastyczny

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498042241224_0
plastic sample [ˈplæ.stɪk ˈsɑːm.pəl] [noun, countable]
plastic sample [ˈplæ.stɪk ˈsɑːm.pəl] [noun, countable]

plastyczna próba

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498042304845_0
plastic soil [ˈplæ.stɪk sɔɪl] [noun, countable]
plastic soil [ˈplæ.stɪk sɔɪl] [noun, countable]

grunty plastyczne

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498042504819_0
plasticity index [plæ.ˈstɪ.sɪ.ti ˈɪn.deks] [noun, countable]
plasticity index [plæ.ˈstɪ.sɪ.ti ˈɪn.deks] [noun, countable]

stopień plastyczności

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498042628782_0
pleochroism [plɪˈɒkrəʊˌɪzəm] [noun, uncountable]
pleochroism [plɪˈɒkrəʊˌɪzəm] [noun, uncountable]

pleochroizm

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498042692006_0
Pliocene [ˈplaɪə.ˌsin] [noun, uncountable]
Pliocene [ˈplaɪə.ˌsin] [noun, uncountable]

pliocen

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498042768091_0
polariser [ˈpolə.ˌraɪ.zə][noun, countable]
polariser [ˈpolə.ˌraɪ.zə][noun, countable]

polaryzator

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498042845970_0
riverine origin [ˈrɪ.və.raɪn ˈɒr.ɪdʒ.ɪn][noun, countable]
riverine origin [ˈrɪ.və.raɪn ˈɒr.ɪdʒ.ɪn][noun, countable]

geneza rzeczna

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498042924027_0
rolling [ˈrəʊl.ɪŋ] [noun, uncountable]
rolling [ˈrəʊl.ɪŋ] [noun, uncountable]

wałeczkowanie

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498043061155_0
samples [ˈsɑːm.pəlz][noun, countable]
samples [ˈsɑːm.pəlz][noun, countable]

próbki

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498043123890_0
sand fraction ['stændərd] [noun, countable]
sand fraction ['stændərd] [noun, countable]

frakcja piaskowa

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498043220806_0
sandy silty clay [ˈsæn.di sɪlt kleɪ] [noun, countable]
sandy silty clay [ˈsæn.di sɪlt kleɪ] [noun, countable]

glina pylasta zwięzła

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498043300645_0
section [ˈsek.ʃən] [noun, countable]
section [ˈsek.ʃən] [noun, countable]

szlify, płytki

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498043409736_0
semi‑solid consistency [ˈse.mi‑ˈsɒ.lɪd kən.ˈsɪ.stən.si] [noun, uncountable]
semi‑solid consistency [ˈse.mi‑ˈsɒ.lɪd kən.ˈsɪ.stən.si] [noun, uncountable]

stan półzwarty

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498043531878_0
shear strength [ʃɪə streŋθ] [noun, uncountable]
shear strength [ʃɪə streŋθ] [noun, uncountable]

wytrzymałość na ścinanie

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498043605845_0
sieve analysis [sɪv ə.ˈnæ.lə.sɪs] [noun, countable]
sieve analysis [sɪv ə.ˈnæ.lə.sɪs] [noun, countable]

analiza sitowa

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498043680924_0
sieve diameters [sɪv daɪ.ˈæ.mɪ.təz] [noun, countable]
sieve diameters [sɪv daɪ.ˈæ.mɪ.təz] [noun, countable]

średnice sita

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498043745605_0
softening [ˈsɒf.ən.ɪŋ] [noun, uncountable]
softening [ˈsɒf.ən.ɪŋ] [noun, uncountable]

rozmakanie

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498043835111_0
soil bulk density [sɔɪl bʌlk ˈden.sɪ.ti] [noun, uncountable]
soil bulk density [sɔɪl bʌlk ˈden.sɪ.ti] [noun, uncountable]

gęstość objętościowa gruntu

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498043966189_0
soil porosity [sɔɪl pɔː.ˈrɒ.sɪ.ti][noun, uncountable]
soil porosity [sɔɪl pɔː.ˈrɒ.sɪ.ti][noun, uncountable]

porowatość gruntu

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498044035250_0
solid consistency [ˈsɒ.lɪd kən.ˈsɪ.stən.si] [noun, uncountable]
solid consistency [ˈsɒ.lɪd kən.ˈsɪ.stən.si] [noun, uncountable]

stan zwarty

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498044089219_0
square mesh sieve [skweə meʃ sɪv] [noun, countable]
square mesh sieve [skweə meʃ sɪv] [noun, countable]

sita o kwadratowych oczkach

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498044156384_0
stage [steɪdʒ] [noun, countable]
stage [steɪdʒ] [noun, countable]

stolik

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498044228387_0
stand [stænd] [noun, countable]
stand [stænd] [noun, countable]

statyw

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498044321714_0
synthetic polaroid [sɪn.ˈθe.tɪk ˈpəʊ.lərɔɪd] [noun, countable]
synthetic polaroid [sɪn.ˈθe.tɪk ˈpəʊ.lərɔɪd] [noun, countable]

syntetyczne polaroidy

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498044444545_0
thin section [θɪnˈsek.ʃən] [noun, countable]
thin section [θɪnˈsek.ʃən] [noun, countable]

płytka cienka

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498044520519_0
tile [taɪl] [noun, countable]
tile [taɪl] [noun, countable]

płytki

m6d1059f6e919a6cc_1498044615603_0
transverse crack [ˈtrænz.vɜːs kræk] [noun, countable]
transverse crack [ˈtrænz.vɜːs kræk] [noun, countable]

spękania poprzeczne

uniformity coefficient [ˌjuː.nɪ.ˈfɔː.mɪ.ti ˌkəʊɪ.ˈfɪʃnt] [noun, uncountable]
uniformity coefficient [ˌjuː.nɪ.ˈfɔː.mɪ.ti ˌkəʊɪ.ˈfɪʃnt] [noun, uncountable]

wskaźnik różnoziarnistości

weigh [weɪ] [verb]
weigh [weɪ] [verb]

ważyć